If you have decided to grow potatoes or potatoes in your land, orchard or garden, you will surely be informing yourself as much as possible to do the best possible and achieve a successful crop. If so, or if you are just curious about the world of crops, you have come to the best place.
In this practical guide from EcologíaVerde you will find the answer to when to plant potatoesas well as some advice to take into account to find the best time according to the area and also some indications on when to harvest them.
When to sow potatoes or potatoes – the best time
The time to plant potatoes is usually done more or less the same throughout the world, always at the early spring, about the months of March and April. However, as with everything we grow, the best time to plant depends largely on the climate of each place, so the answer may vary a bit.
Thus, in warm zoneswith mild winters, it is possible to plant potatoes in the last weeks of winter, while in very cold or frosty places this will be impossible and we will have to wait for the heat to start. Likewise, in temperate places, potatoes can also be planted end of summerwhile in places with extreme climates this will be impossible because it will be too hot or the cool weather will have already begun.
Learn more about these tubers by discovering these +10 types of potatoes so that you can better choose the variety you want to plant.
When to plant potatoes – tips for choosing the time
To finish tuning what time is the best to plant potatoes in your area, we recommend having these key points in mind:
- This plant needs cool temperatures during the process of forming its tubers. The optimum is between 15 ºC and 25 ºC of temperature.
- Even so, this tuber is very sensitive to frost, so it should not be exposed to them.
- It is necessary that at the time you decide to plant potatoes in your land, the soil is at a temperature of 15 ºC or higher, in this way you will ensure that the plant can sprout and grow well.
- The formation of the tubers begins between 1 and 2 months after planting the potatoes, something that is more adjusted to one time or another depending on the type of potato that has been planted. For this reason, we recommend that you inform yourself well in the place where you acquire the tubers for planting, since a professional who knows the variety will be able to give you more exact indications for the climate of the place where you grow, taking into account the variety of potato.
What date is the potato planted? – months
These are the indicative dates for planting potatoes taking into account the type of sowing, because if you choose to sow early or late, the month changes.
- Early planting: It is done in winter, that is, in December and January in the Northern Hemisphere and in June and July in the Southern Hemisphere.
- Semi-early planting: This is also done in winter, but in the months between January and February in the Northern Hemisphere and in the months of July and August in the Southern Hemisphere.
- Semi-late sowing: This other type of potato planting occurs in spring, so it is done in the months of April and May in the Northern Hemisphere and in the months of October and November in the Southern Hemisphere.
- Late planting: this last sowing occurs in summer, which is in the month of August in the Northern Hemisphere but in the month of February in the Southern Hemisphere.
The most common potato planting times around the world are spring or mid-late planting and winter or semi-early sowing. Early and late sowing are for more temperate climates, where the temperature of the year is almost the same throughout the year, and therefore they can sow at any time, including these less common times in the rest of the world. knowing this calendar for planting potatoesnow you can know better in which month it is convenient for you to do it in your area.
Now that you know everything about the best time to plant potatoes, we recommend you also read this other horticultural guide on How to plant potatoes step by step.
When to harvest potatoes or potatoes – the best time
The time to harvest potatoes or potatoes It varies depending on the type of potatoes planted and also on the climate of the place. However, we can take into account that these tubers are usually ready to harvest between 2 and 5 months after sowing. Another tip that we give you to know when to harvest potatoes is to pay attention to whether the stems of the plant are beginning to dry out or turn yellow, this indicates that the tubers can already be harvested.
If you like potatoes and other types of tubers, we recommend you consult this other guide on Tubers: what they are and examples with photos.
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