Gardening Tips

What to plant in an urban garden

What to plant in an urban garden

An urban garden is a fabulous option to give that space on your terrace, balcony or garden some life and, at the same time, occupy yourself with a task that is as entertaining as it is satisfying. And it’s not just about how nice it is to see your plants grow day by day; when you taste the taste of your organic vegetables and vegetables you will see the enormous difference that there is with what you buy in the supermarket.

If you want to learn how to organize a good sowing calendar for your garden at home, keep reading us in this EcologíaVerde article in which we talk about what to plant in an urban garden.

What to plant in an urban garden – list of plants

Depending on the seasons of the year, our urban garden will better accept one type of crop or another. Next, we leave a list of plants for urban garden, sorted by the season in which it is most suitable to plant them. However, it must be remembered that these periods are indicative, and very hot or very cold climates can delay or advance the planting seasons.

What to plant in winter

  • Garlic
  • Lettuce
  • Pea
  • Tomatoes
  • Strawberry
  • green legumes
  • Cucumber
  • Celery
  • Onion
  • Pepper
  • Lentil

What to plant in an urban garden in spring

  • Pumpkin
  • Chard
  • Potato
  • Carrot
  • Bean
  • Cantaloupe
  • Turnip
  • Broccoli
  • Spinach
  • Watermelon
  • Cabbage
  • Cucumber
  • Pepper

What to plant in an urban garden in summer

  • Cauliflower
  • Brussels sprouts
  • Radish
  • Watercress
  • White bean
  • Turnip
  • Beetroot

In this other article you can discover more about what vegetables to plant in summer.

What to plant in the fall

  • Asparagus
  • Lentil
  • Beans
  • Oatmeal
  • Rye
  • Barley
  • lupine
  • Wheat
What to plant in an urban garden - What to plant in an urban garden - list of plants

Vegetables to plant in an urban garden

There are some vegetables that are a safe bet in any urban garden, and who doesn’t use things like onions or tomatoes almost daily? Here we will mention some of the vegetables to plant in an urban garden most common, which will cheer us up a large number of dishes and meals with their flavor.


  • Irrigation: the onion is a popular crop that does not need great care. It is a very rustic plant, which does not require abundant watering, although it does require frequent watering. Despite this, it is advisable to reduce the frequency of irrigation while the bulb is forming, since this will dry better.
  • Substratum: It does not need very rich substrates, although it does require an abundant volume of substrate.
  • Sowing: it sows well during late winter and early fall. The harvest will take place about 4 months after sowing. In this other gardening guide we explain when and how to sow and plant onions.


  • Irrigation: it is better to water very often and in small amounts than the other way around. In fact, the ideal is to apply drip irrigation.
  • Substratum: the star of almost any urban garden is quite demanding with the substrate. It needs soils that are very rich in organic matter, so you will have to enrich the soil with compost or earthworm humus, in addition to providing a large amount of substrate.
  • Sowing: its sowing time is between winter and early spring. It is harvested in about 3 months. In these other Ecolog√≠aVerde articles we give you instructions on when and how to plant tomatoes and how to plant and grow cherry tomatoes, one of the most common in urban gardens.


  • Irrigation: It needs frequent and abundant watering.
  • Substratum: lettuce is a crop that needs a substrate with a good amount of organic matter:
  • Sowing: it can be sown practically all year round except for the coldest winter months, and is harvested between 3 and 9 weeks later, depending on the variety. Learn in this other post When and how to plant lettuce.


  • Irrigation: garlic stands out for its low need for water, and can be grown without any irrigation depending on the climate.
  • Substratum: It is also not demanding with the nutrients of the substrate, so it is very comfortable to maintain.
  • Sowing: it is planted throughout the winter and harvested about three months later. Here we talk about when and how to plant young garlic and when and how to plant garlic.

What to plant in an urban garden: aromatic plants

These are some of the aromatic herbs that you can grow in your urban garden:

  • Parsley: Parsley is widely used as an ingredient in the Mediterranean diet, and has a huge number of uses and properties. It can be planted in practically any type of substrate, since it is not demanding with nutrients. It needs plenty of sun exposure and moderate watering. It can be planted in spring or summer and is harvested about 3 months later, when the plant has a stem of about 10 cm.
  • Basil: This aromatic plant grows best in loose soil rich in organic matter. Basil can be grown in semi-shade as well as in full sun, and requires frequent and moderate watering, without flooding. Sow in spring and harvest before the plant exceeds 20 cm in height.
  • Thyme: Thyme needs soil with good drainage and direct exposure to the sun. You do not need to enrich its substrate with a lot of organic matter, and do not add fertilizer. Watering should also be moderate, without exceeding. It is planted at the end of winter, and can be harvested as it is consumed, for most of the year.
  • Mint: Mint grows healthiest in soil with good moisture, even if it doesn’t have great drainage. It does not require much light, but it does require frequent watering. The ideal is to sow it in spring to be able to harvest its tender shoots in summer.
  • Rosemary: This highly hardy shrub needs a lot of exposure to sunlight, as well as loose, sandy soil with good drainage. It is one of the few plants that appreciate abundant and spaced watering, allowing the substrate to dry out. Rosemary can be planted and harvested throughout the year, although if you want it for infusions, it is advisable to do it when it is in bloom.
  • Lavender: Lavender is known for its ability to adapt to virtually any type of soil. It doesn’t need much watering other than when planted, and in fact can survive without watering at all in many climates. It can be sown in spring, once the cold has passed, and it can be harvested every year in spring from the second flowering, pruning its stems with flowers.

To finish this guide on what to plant in an urban garden on a terrace, garden or balcony, we recommend you take a look at our other guides on How to make an urban garden at home and How to make vertical gardens, in which you can also create urban gardens, especially with aromatic plants.

What to plant in an urban garden - What to plant in an urban garden: aromatic plants

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