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Types of Sansevieria

Types of Sansevieria

The Sansevieria are a genus of plants with around 130 species, very popular due to their striking appearance and the undemanding nature of their care in most cases, being very adaptable as indoor and outdoor plants. However, the plants that we still call Sansevieria today were recently included in the Dracaena genus, in 2017, so it is technically an erroneous nomenclature to continue calling them that, but it is popularly maintained to avoid misunderstandings.

There are therefore, as we have indicated, a large number of Sansevieria types. If you want to discover the main ones, keep reading this EcologĂ­aVerde guide.

Sansevieria cylindrica

This plant has its origin in the tropics of Africa. It is a kind of conspicuous form, with between 3 and 5 leaves of cylindrical, about 3 cm in diameter and a length that reaches 2 meters. They are dark green, with lighter edges, and produce a flower stalk up to a meter long, smaller than the leaves, but covered with small, conspicuous white and pink flowers. It is common to grow braiding its leaves so that they are intertwined, giving rise to some certainly showy shapes.

Here you can learn some tips on the care of Snsevieria cylindrica.

Types of Sansevieria - Sansevieria cylindrica

Sansevieria trifasciata

The trifasciata is the most common of all Sansevieria as far as growing at home is concerned. It is also known as tiger’s tongue, mother-in-law’s tongue or snake plant among many other names, and it is a native species also from tropical africa.

Its characteristic leaves are variegated and grow with a marked vertical bearing, reaching up to a meter and a half long and 10 cm wide. The flowers, which appear in clusters just over half the length of the leaves, are light in color and produce small orange berries.

Among the Sansevieria trifasciata itself, there are two very widespread varieties, the Sansevieria trifasciata var Hahnii and the Sansevieria trifasciata var Laurentii. The first is a very small variety, below 40 cm, with wide, short, light green leaves, while the second is much larger and is distinguished by the yellow edge of its leaves and the pattern horizontal.

In this other article you can read more about the care of Sansevieria trifasciata.

Types of Sansevieria - Sansevieria trifasciata

Sansevieria pinguicula

This is a species that also comes from Africa, specifically it is a endemic species of Kenya, small in size and up to 7 or 8 green leaves, sometimes also with a horizontal pattern on them. grows up to 30cm tall approximately, with leaves that do not exceed that length. In addition, the flowers of Sansevieria pinguicula sprout from the center of the rosette that its leaves form, in a branched panicle.

Types of Sansevieria - Sansevieria pinguicula

Sansevieria masoniana Victoria

The Sansevieria masoniana Victoria plant is native to North Africa. It is commonly called whale fin plantbecause it is especially striking due to its size: it consists of a single broad, lanceolate leaf, with the characteristic pattern that many sansevierias show. The Sansevieria masoniana does have more leaves, but the specific “Victoria” only has one, which makes it a very curious indoor plant.

Types of Sansevieria - Sansevieria masoniana Victoria
Image: Leafy house

Sansevieria Zeylanica

With origin in Africa and Asiathis plant stands out for its very upright leaves, with up to 15 very light green, almost white leaves, marked by a pattern of bright green and darker. The leaves of Sansevieria Zeylanica are up to 30 cm long and 10 cm wide and, in addition, this plant produces inflorescences of small white flowers, which start from the heart of the plant’s rosette.

Types of Sansevieria - Sansevieria Zeylanica

Sansevieria bacularis

Also sometimes called mikadothis plant is found naturally in the South Asia, southern Africa, and the island of Madagascar. It is one of the most particular sansevierias, with completely cylindrical leaves, very beautiful and striking, which can grow up to a meter high and 3 cm thick. It resembles the Sansevieria cylindrica in its bearing, although it grows more vertically and its tone is lighter.

Types of Sansevieria - Sansevieria bacularis

Sansevieria Care

Most species share the same general needs and preferences in their care, so it is not worth repeating them in each of the mentioned ones. Instead, here we summarize its main requirements:

  • Light: They need an illuminated semi-shade area, protected from intense direct light. They can be grown in shade, but will suffer.
  • Temperature: they want a temperature of around 18-20 ÂșC. They tolerate hot, dry climates if they are sheltered from direct light. Some withstand short and light frosts.
  • Irrigation: They do not support excess moisture, which rots their roots. They should be watered little, only when the substrate is completely dry. Up to twice a week in the warmer months, and once a month in the colder ones.
  • Substratum: very light and with the best possible drainage. A universal mixture rich in nutrients, with coconut fiber, worm castings and vermiculite, will suffice.
  • Subscriber: every 15 days in the warm months. Specific fertilizer for green plants, or organic fertilizer applied to the base of the plant.
  • Multiplication: very simple both by cuttings and by division of the rhizome. Always with sterilized tools.

If you liked knowing the different types of Sansevieria and you like this type of plants, do not hesitate to consult our article on the different types of succulent plants.

If you want to read more articles similar to Types of Sansevieriawe recommend that you enter our category .

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