Rosemary, scientific name Rosmarinus officinalis, is a very popular aromatic plant for its large number of beneficial properties and pleasant smell. However, although we all know this plant or have ever heard of it, few know that there are a large number of varieties of rosemary.
If you want to learn more about the different types of rosemary, keep reading us in this EcologíaVerde article. Do not miss the opportunity to give life and a pleasant aroma to both your home and your dishes.
types of rosemary
To begin with, it is important to divide the types of rosemary into two large groups: creeping and vertical growing rosemary. And what is the difference between rosemary and creeping rosemary? Upright bush rosemary develops as a small clump, in the form of a typical bush, and creeping rosemary acts more by spreading low, like a ground cover. These are the main types of rosemary:
This vertical rosemary is characterized by its small blue flowers, in addition to its great growth capacity, which makes it suitable both as an ornamental plant and to form hedges. It reaches up to a meter in height and in diameter. It needs a lot of sun and more moisture than other varieties, as well as well-drained soil.
The Blue Boy is a creeping rosemary that rarely exceeds 5 cm in height. It gives blue flowers like most varieties, edible, as well as particularly aromatic leaves. It can live for several decades in the right conditions, being very little demanding in terms of water.
The spice island rosemary reaches heights of more than 70 cm, so it is commonly used for hedges or small topiaries. It is one of the spiciest types of rosemary for cooking so should be used with care if you are not used to it as a spice, although of course it is perfectly edible and much appreciated.
Another type of creeping rosemary, although in this case it is common to grow it in baskets and other hanging containers. It is a variety of hanging rosemary that grows best in warm climates, requiring a large amount of light.
The Arp is a rosemary that stands out above all for its great resistance to cold, being one of the varieties that withstands the lowest temperatures. It gets its name from the editor of the Arp town newspaper, which also had the same name.
Joyce de Baggio
It is also called Lluvia Dorada or Golden Rain. It is a rosemary that partly lives up to its name, with leaves that turn bright yellow in spring and autumn, although in summer they return to their healthy dark green.
Other varieties of rosemary
There are more varieties of rosemary in addition to the ones we have just seen in depth. This is a list with some of their names:
- dancing waters
- Madeline Hill
- Pine Scented
In the photos you can see the pilgrims in the same order indicated in the explanation.
Characteristics of rosemary
Plant Rosmarinus officinalis It belongs to the Lamiaceae family and has its origin in the Mediterranean area, where it grows naturally from the coast to altitudes of about 1,500 meters. These are the main characteristics of rosemary:
- It has deep and very resistant roots.
- Stem creeping or erect, sometimes behaving in both ways.
- Rosemary flowers are almost always purplish-blue in color and appear practically all year round.
- The fruit of rosemary has the appearance of four small dark nuts, at the bottom of the calyx.
- It is widely used as a culinary spice.
- Numerous medicinal and beneficial properties are also attributed to it.
To get to know it better, we recommend reading these other Green Ecology articles on Rosemary: properties, what it is for and how to prepare it, as well as Rosemary Oil: what it is for and how it is prepared.
Rosemary is a plant that, in general, is quite rustic in all its varieties. However, in order to enjoy a plant in good health, it is better to know its specific needs. These are the requirements for grow rosemary:
- Light: it needs a lot of sun, of direct incidence even in hot climates.
- Climate: supports without problems the coast. It requires warm temperatures, only some varieties better tolerate temperatures below 15 ºC.
- Irrigation: it needs little watering, better supporting drought than flooding, the latter being fatal. It only needs more water in the flowering season or when it is very young.
- Soil or substrate: It is not demanding in terms of nutrients, but it is essential that the soil offers the best possible drainage. In a pot, it is recommended to use coconut fiber in the mix, as well as perlite and vermiculite. Here you can learn how to plant rosemary.
- Pass: It does not need much, with a contribution of organic matter or annual fertilizer will be enough.
- Pruning: maintenance only, removing parts in poor condition. We tell you more about when and how to prune rosemary in this link.
- Rosemary diseases: Special care must be taken with rot and mold due to excess moisture. Aphid could appear.
- Multiplication: it is easy by cutting and by division of the bush.
Keep discovering things about this versatile plant with this other guide on How to Care for a Potted Rosemary Plant.
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