Gardening Tips

types of palm trees

types of palm trees

In EcologíaVerde we show you a list of the species of palm trees most used in gardening and to decorate our home. Among more than 3,000 species that exist on our planet, we want to place special emphasis on those that stand out for their ornamental value.

Within this selection we include indoor and outdoor palm trees, as well as some types of small and large palm trees and several types of palms for those who prefer shorter plants with wide and showy leaves. keep reading and discover 20 types of palm trees, their names, characteristics and photos of every one of them.

Caryota urens

It is commonly known as fishtail leaf palm, because the leaves of the palm trees of this species deserve this curious name, although their flowering is also very striking. It is a very showy species, but it is also little known due to its short life cycle. This palm tree has a lifespan of about 20 years and its flowering begins from 12 years of life. This monoecious palm tree, with a single trunk, can measure up to 15 meters high.

Types of palm trees - Caryota urens

Cyrtostachys renda

Originally from Malaysia, this palm popularly known as palm tree lipstick, has a single trunk of intense red color highly valued in gardening. Although it’s kind of slow growth can reach more than 15 meters high. If you were wondering how long it takes for a palm tree to grow, you might think that it takes many years knowing that it can reach more than 15 meters and is very slow growing, but as you will see later, there are others that grow fast in comparison. Refocusing on the Cyrtostachys rendait should also be noted that it needs a lot of humidity in the ground and more than 4 ºC of temperature to survive.

Types of palm trees - Cyrtostachys renda

Chamaerops humilis

known as palmetto, this type of palm tree is native to the Mediterranean area. grows from bushy formso that does not reach a great height. Typically placed in small groups as a color spot in dry gardens. This species is where most of the heart of palm that we usually consume in Mediterranean cuisine comes from. The heart of palm that we eat is the juicy heart of the stems of this species of small palm tree.

Types of palm trees - Chamaerops humilis

cocos nucifera

The coconut tree It’s one of the names of tropical palm trees best known. The palm cocos nucifera It can reach up to 24 meters in height. It is recognized by its curved stem or inclined by its fruit, the coconut. It is typical of tropical climates and widely used as a plant for large interiors due to the intense color of its leaves.

Types of palm trees - Cocos nucifera

Chamaedorea elegans

Its use indoors has given it the common name of lounge palm. The palm Chamaedorea elegans has a maximum height of 2 meters and it prefers to grow in semi-shaded places, since its leaves turn yellow easily if it receives direct sunlight.

If you like it, here you can see a guide on the Care of the Chamaedorea.

Types of palm trees - Chamaedorea elegans

Howea forsteriana

This palm tree, easy to reproduce by seeds, is another of the palm species most used as an indoor plant. Popularly known as kentia palm treethe Howea forsteriana it prefers warm environments, but resists frost well.

If you like this species, we recommend you learn about the Care of the kentia palm tree in this other post with a complete guide.

Types of palm trees - Howea forsteriana

Dypsis decaryi

The triangular palm tree or Dypsis decaryi It is native to Madagascar and can measure more than 12 meters Tall. This outdoor plant prefers humid environments, can be in the sun and withstands both droughts and frosts well.

Types of palm trees - Dypsis decaryi

Jubaea chilensis

The chilean palm tree is one of the big palm trees and it is used in a very similar way to the heart of palm, that is, forming groups to create touches of color in garden areas. Lately it has lost some ornamental value in favor of other faster growing palms.

Types of palm trees - Jubaea chilensis

phoenix dactylifera

We keep talking about types of palm trees and their fruits, because in this case we are also talking about a palm tree that has delicious fruits. Of African origin, the date palm It is one of the tallest species, reaching more than 15 meters Tall. So if you’re looking for tall palm trees for your house or land this is a good option.

It needs high temperatures and sun to produce its well-known fruit: the date. One of the fruits of the palm trees most used by the Egyptians and, currently, as a fundamental element in many African and Arab dishes and desserts.

Types of palm trees - Phoenix dactylifera

Washingtonia robusta

The palm Washingtonia robustaalso called mexican fan palm, is widely cultivated as a decorative plant in avenues and boulevards for its thin trunk and showy leaves. It resists frost very well and, in addition, it tolerates salt water, so it is normal to see them near the beaches.

Types of palm trees - Washingtonia robusta

Livistona chinensis

Native to Asia, it can be used as an indoor or outdoor palm tree. Although it prefers sunlight, it can grow perfectly in semi-shade environments. It is widely used for the width of its palmate leaves that can reach more than 30 centimeters wide. To Livistona chinensisis also commonly known as chinese fan palm.

Types of palm trees - Livistona chinensis

Trachycarpus fortunei

One of the types of palm trees that best resist the cold. They can survive below -20 ºC. It is recognized by its stem covered with a layer of hair and by its elongated leaves joined in fan-shaped palms. Commonly, this palm is known as lofty palm tree.

Here we explain the Care of the excelsa palm tree, in case you are interested in including one in your home.

Types of palm trees - Trachycarpus fortunei

Roystonea regia

This palm tree known as cuban royal palm is characterized by its tall cup and intense green leaves. On the contrary, the stem is grayish in color, thus creating a strong contrast that gives it that aesthetic value.

Types of palm trees - Roystonea regia

phoenix canariensis

The canary palm tree It is one of the most used as part of alignments in cities. Their rapid growth and its height up 18 meters makes it one of the most cultivated species. In addition, it is a kind of palm tree that can be grown in a pot.

Types of palm trees - Phoenix canariensis

Rhapis excelsa

It’s one of the types of small palm treesso it is a kind perfect for interiors. It does not reach more than 3 meters in height and prefers humid and semi-shaded environments. It is also known as rapis, Chinese palm or bamboo palm.

Types of palm trees - Rhapis excelsa

phoenix roebelenii

This is another kind of dwarf palm tree of great ornamental value and, in fact, is widely used in gardens with palm trees. It prefers luminous areas for its optimal growth and can reach a height of 5 meters.

Types of palm trees - Phoenix roebelenii

Syagrus romanzoffiana

The palm Syagrus romanzoffiana is also known as feathery coconut and is well known for its tropical appearance and ease of cultivation both indoors and outdoors. To grow well, this species prefers lighted places and is fast growing.

Types of palm trees - Syagrus romanzoffiana

Ravenea rivularis

The palm Ravenea rivularis of elegant demeanor is originally from Madagascar and, although it requires a lot of care to achieve its flowering, it is highly valued in gardening. It can be grown both indoors and outdoors, and even in a pot.

Types of palm trees - Ravenea rivularis

Wodyetia bifurcata

Of Australian origin, the Wodyetia bifurcata It is a palm that can be grown without problems as long as the soil has good drainage. It’s a kind of fast growing palm tree and it is very resistant to both pests and droughts.

Types of palm trees - Wodyetia bifurcata

Nannorrhops ritchiana

The Nannorrhops ritchiana is a small palm tree, or bushy, is very resistant to cold and is native to Asia. reaches a height of up to 3 meters and its leaves green or bluish colordepending on the variety, are fan-shaped.

Now that you have met these 20 types of palm trees, you may also be interested in learning about the care of palm trees and about how to plant a palm tree and its care.

Types of palm trees - Nannorrhops ritchiana

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