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Types of flower of Jamaica

Types of flower of Jamaica

The so-called Jamaica plant is a plant with beautiful flowers, highly valued as an ornamental plant but even more popular for its culinary and medicinal uses, which have led to the appearance of a large number of infusions, soft drinks and other products with its more than 150 varieties.

If you want to know what the flower of Jamaica is like and learn more about its different crops, join us in this EcologíaVerde article on the Jamaica flower types and their care.

Characteristics and uses of Jamaica flower

scientific name Hibiscus sabdariffa, this plant of the Malvaceae family has its original habitat on the African continent. It is an annual and evergreen shrubby plant, which reaches heights of up to 3 meters, although it is also common to see it much smaller.

It is a plant widely used and cultivated for commercial purposes throughout the world, and both its flowers and its fruits have a huge number of known uses. These are the best known uses and properties of Jamaican flower:

  • Food: In countries such as Jamaica and Mexico and parts of Central and South America and the Caribbean, the economic cost of this plant allows a wide range of products to reach consumers of any purchasing power. When fresh, it is common to prepare both hot and cold drinks and macerated drinks, and its flowers and leaves are commonly added to salads, sauces, preserves and pastry recipes. With its calyxes, compotes, jellies, jellies, sweets, ice creams and liqueurs are made.
  • Medicinal: traditional medicine recognizes multiple properties of this plant, to which are attributed properties that help in the treatment of hypertension, as a diuretic element, against liver diseases, in the fight against cholesterol, as an intestinal antiseptic, as an antioxidant and even as a powerful ally against insomnia in the form of an infusion. It also helps regulate insulin, treat hemorrhoids and varicose veins, and has anti-cancer properties.
  • Industrial: The calyx is used as a colorant in the process of coloring cosmetics, perfumes, textiles, handicrafts, medicines, and even foods. Its use of this type is particularly widespread in France and Germany. In addition, with the Jamaican seed, a highly appreciated oil is also made. With its stem, thanks to its fibers, cords similar to those of jute and hemp are also made and, finally, the flower is common for the production of poultry feed and organic manure.

Jamaica Flower Varieties

The large number of Jamaican crops existing has given rise to around 200 varieties or types of this plant with flowers, although they can be classified into two main types, one with upright stems, spiny and without branches, very rich in fiber and used in the production of string, and the other with highly branched stems and a juicier calyx, more gastronomically popular.

  • The first is called H. sabdariffa sabdariffa L. These are plants that can grow up to 2 meters high, with varieties such as the so-called chirrión.
  • The second is called H. sabdariffa altissimausually called roselli hemp, which groups together all the varieties used to obtain fiber.

In addition to those mentioned, there are some varieties with more international presence, such as:

  • the richof low height and size but great production capacity, which produces flowers with very red and large calyxes, originally from Nicaragua.
  • Originally from the same country we also have the victorof great reddish color and stems of marked vigor, used especially in the production of fruits and calyxes.
  • Another variety is the Archerof the greenish calls, of great vigor and production capacity.
  • the early It is one of the earliest of all, as its name indicates, which also gives a good yield of fruits and flowers.

To finish, these are other varieties of Flor de Jamaica, but remember that there are about 200.

  • red
  • giant black
  • giant abode
  • not acidic
  • Creole
  • long red
  • China
  • Jerzy
  • Sudan
Types of flower of Jamaica - Varieties of flower of Jamaica

Jamaica flower care

Despite how widespread its cultivation is, the flower of Jamaica has some very marked needs as a plant of tropical and subtropical origin, so you have to pay attention to its care if your climate does not meet these characteristics. These are your most important needs:

  • Climate: temperatures between 20 ºC and 28 ºC. It does not tolerate low temperatures for long periods, and contact with snow is generally fatal. High temperatures throughout the year will allow the plant to not stop blooming.
  • Humidity: below 70%, higher humidities will be detrimental.
  • Light: it needs a large amount of direct sunlight throughout the day, especially during the period of vegetative development. Indoor cultivation is unfeasible.
  • Irrigation: Every 48 hours in warm months, up to once a week in cold months. Deep irrigation.
  • substrate and soilAerated, light, well drained and very rich in nutrients.

We recommend that you learn more about Hibiscus or Jamaica Flower Care by reading this guide or watching the video below.

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