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types of aloe vera

types of aloe vera

Aloe vera is one of the plants with the most beneficial and medicinal properties that can be found in nature. The gelatinous substance that its leaves contain is healing, astringent and useful for preventing and treating many ailments. However, not all varieties of aloe are cultivated for this reason: some barely have some medicinal properties, but they are highly appreciated decoratively, and this succulent or succulent plant is undoubtedly very beautiful.

How many varieties of aloe vera are there? There are more than 300, but if you want to know some of the most popular, join us in this EcologĂ­aVerde article and discover 10 types of aloe vera.

Aloe arborescens

Also frequently called candelabra aloe or octopus plantthis variety can reach heights of up to 4 meters. Its fleshy leaves are glaucous green with serrated edges. The flowers grow on a lateral stem of just over half a meter and are very decorative due to their intense red or orange colour. It is antibiotic, astringent, skin anti-inflammatory and moisturizing.

Types of Aloe Vera - Aloe arborescens

Aloe barbadensis miller

This is the most popular of the aloes and is therefore known as Common Aloe Vera, Aloe Vera, Aloe Vera or Barbados Aloe, among others. It is the richest variety in medicinal properties and is used in the preparation of all kinds of personal hygiene products. The leaves of the plant show white spots when it is young, but these disappear as it matures.

If you have this plant at home, don’t hesitate to take advantage of its properties by using its gel. Here you can learn how to make homemade aloe vera gel.

Types of Aloe Vera - Aloe barbadensis miller

Aloe aristata

Aloe aristata is one of the smaller size among the aloes, its leaves forming a rosette that very rarely exceeds 30 cm in diameter. It is also called lace aloe or guineafowl aloe and its sawn blades they have a very particular pattern of small white spots. It bears a remarkable resemblance to the haworthia plant and gives rise to large orange flowers, very useful in attracting pollinating animals. Its roots have healing properties.

If you like this variety of aloe, do not hesitate to consult this Aloe aristata care guide.

Types of Aloe Vera - Aloe aristata

aloe striata

The call coral aloe It receives this name due to the soft pink tone that its leaves adopt, it starts out green with a pink edge and little by little the entire leaf turns this tone. The coral name is also given by the striking color between red and orange of its flowers. It’s also a small aloealthough not as much as the aristata: the rosettes of aloe striata reach 45 cm in diameter and its leaves have no thorns.

Types of Aloe Vera - Aloe striata

aloe variegated

The aloe variegate It is very popular to have at home for decorative purposes, and this is both for its simple care and for its little size, with leaves up to 15 cm long. It is a very beautiful and striking aloe, which is commonly called tiger aloe or partridge chest. Its inflorescence reaches about 30 cm in height, of a very pretty pink or salmon color. It blooms in winter and spring and supports indoor cultivation very well.

Types of aloe vera - Aloe variegata

aloe juvenna

The juvenna is very similar to the common aloe or barbadensis, with the difference that its size is much smaller. Its leaves are toothed and with light spots, as in the common one, and gives rise to inflorescences in the form of small, very decorative orange or red bells. In winter it seems to die, but in spring and summer it sprouts again with force. It is often called dwarf aloe.

Types of aloe vera - Aloe juvenna

aloe brevifolia

Also called crocodile tooth aloe, the aloe brevifolia stands out for its striking leaves, ending in a point and with teeth both on its edges and on the underside, which form a very striking compact pineapple. In spring, it produces bright red flowers in a narrow bell, supported by a stem up to half a meter.

Types of Aloe Vera - Aloe brevifolia

aloe ciliaris

The climbing aloe is indeed a climbing plantwhich can reach sizes of up to 10 meters. It has narrow, lanceolate leaves with serrated edges covered in white teeth. It is usually used ornamentally to decorate rockeries or slopes, especially in very dry areas, where it grows without problems.

We recommend you discover these other 24 climbing plants.

Types of Aloe Vera - Aloe ciliaris

aloe ferox

It is also known as Cape Aloe or Fierce Aloe and it is a single-stemmed variety, which can reach heights of more than 2 meters, giving it the appearance of a small tree. It is very popular for its decorative use and its great resistance, and it is characterized by blooming in winter, giving rise to inflorescences of the characteristic orange color of aloes.

Types of aloe vera - Aloe ferox

Aloe saporin

Aloe saponaria is another of the most popular and easy to find and receives the common name of royal pitta. Its large and particularly fleshy leaves are bluish-green or reddish in color, edged with thorns and pale spots. It’s a kind of aloe that grows best in a pot.

Types of aloe vera - Aloe saporina

Aloe vera care

The general aloe vera care they can be grouped into their two basic needs: drainage and sun, but now we will discuss several aspects.

This succulent plant does not tolerate excess moisture, so it is vital that both outdoors and indoors it has a soil that offers the best possible drainage, or its roots are very likely to rot. For the same reason, risks should be moderate, always without flooding and without overdoing it. The ideal in your case is drip irrigation.

Aloes need too lots of sunlight, even direct, unless our climate is especially hot or the sun is very intense. If its leaves take on a brownish hue, the plant is probably getting too much sun. Its ideal temperature is between 17 and 27 ÂșC.

For the rest, by fertilizing it at the beginning of spring and at the end of summer with a specific fertilizer for succulent plants or enriching its soil or substrate with earthworm humus and transplanting it when it runs out of space, the plant will always be in an optimal state.

Here you can learn more about aloe vera care and when and how to plant aloe vera.

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