Gardening Tips

Tuberose: care

Tuberose: care

Tuberose is commonly known to be one of the prettiest flowers of summer, especially among lovers of white flowers. These highly scented flowering plants bloom throughout the summer, beautifying any garden or home space with their beautiful, fragrant white flowers. If you want to learn what are the tuberose care to show off in all its splendor, join us in this EcologíaVerde article.

tuberose characteristics

scientific name Polianthes tuberosa and known by the popular names of Vara de San José or Amole, tuberose is a plant with tuberous roots that originated in Mexico, although it is currently widespread throughout Central America.

The plant can exceed a meter in height and its flower spikes grow up to 45 cm, bearing white or sometimes pink flowers, and its bright green leaves are striking. floweringthat it is nocturnal and it occurs between the end of spring and summer, it usually lasts until well into autumn if the temperatures are good, and its flowers are widely used ornamentally as cut flowers, since they can last up to 40 days before withering.

They are very elegant plants, popular for their ease of care, making them suitable even for hobbyists with less time or experience. Now, what does the tuberose flower mean? The tuberose flower is credited with adventure symbolism and the dangerous pleasuresprobably due to its suggestive aroma.

Tuberose: care - Characteristics of tuberose

Location for tuberose

Tuberose needs to be cultivated full sun, even in a location with direct incidence. Due to this, it is much more common as an outdoor plant, since although it is not impossible to find an indoor location where it receives enough light, it is difficult.

Regarding the temperature, you need warm temperatures, so it does not tolerate frost well, especially if you have just planted it. Because of this, tuberoses are usually planted in early spring, when the frosts are over and there is no risk of damage to the plant.

We leave you this other article with other garden plants with sun-resistant flowers in EcologíaVerde.

Tuberose: care - Location for tuberose

tuberose irrigation

with the plant newly plantedthis requires very frequent irrigation, being the ideal water it every 48 hours approximately, although yes, always without flooding the substrate or the earth. Once the first buds appear the risks can be spaced, usually until the 72 hours.

If in doubt, we always recommend checking the humidity of the soil yourself. You can do it with a small stick or even with a finger, sticking them into the ground near the plant (being careful not to damage its roots, yes) and notice if, when you take it out, it is stained with soil. If it’s clear past the top, the soil is too dry and it’s time to water again.

Tuberose: care - Irrigation of tuberose

Soil and fertilizer for tuberose

The most important thing with the soil for this plant is that it offers a drainage as best as possible, because it is not too demanding in terms of the rest of the properties. If you are going to plant in the garden, water beforehand and look for where the water does not puddle. If you don’t have well-drained soil where you want it, the best thing you can do is dig a hole about 50 cm in diameter and fill it with your own substrate.

Use a universal mixture like the one we usually recommend with:

  • a part of peat
  • A part of coconut fiber
  • A part of earthworm humus

You must then add a handful of vermiculite and another of perlite. This results in an ideal seedling mix, with a light, highly aerated and exceptionally nutrient rich substrate, as well as excellent drainage and water retention properties.

the subscriber should be done during the warmer months, each 15 days about. It is possible to apply specific fertilizer for bulbs, although using organic fertilizers such as compost or earthworm humus is always more ecological and recommended.

Tuberose: care - Soil and fertilizer for tuberose

tuberose pruning

tuberose must be pruned after the first bloom. It is not necessary, but it is highly recommended if you are looking to stimulate the sprouting of new flowers on your plant. In fact, it is recommended to carry out the pruning when the first two pairs of flowers are in the dehiscence period, that is, when they open spontaneously.

Always prune tuberose at first hour of the morning, when the temperature is still low and there is high ambient humidity. It is also vital to do it with pruning shears or a knife that is as sharp as possible, with the edge always well sterilized. Cut from the base of the flower stem, leaving the leaves.

Regarding maintenance pruning, withdraw forever the leaves that wither or parts that are in poor condition. Don’t worry if the cold weather comes and the plant withers completely: the bulb will still be alive and will bloom the following year as long as it’s not too cold.

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