Gardening Tips

Sowing and planting strawberries: when and how to do it

Sowing and planting strawberries: when and how to do it

Fragarias, also commonly called strawberries, morangos or strawberries, are herbaceous plants of the family Rosaceae very popular in much of the world for its sweet fruits. There are a large number of cultivated varieties, most of them being hybrids. The most used of all of them is, by far, the Fragaria x ananassa.

If you like these fruits and want to learn everything you need to have them in the orchard, garden or pots at home, join us in this EcologíaVerde article in which we offer you a practical guide to learn when and how to sow and plant strawberries.

When and how to plant strawberries

Growing morangos or strawberries from their seeds can be a more complicated task than it seems, since it is a plant that takes time to germinate and does not always succeed. For this reason, when strawberries are grown, it is usually done from previously purchased seedlings, or by reproducing the plants by runners. Find out here what plant stolons are with examples so that you know better how this type of reproduction of the strawberry plant is.

However, sowing strawberry seeds is possible, and if you want to risk trying, here’s how to do it. However, it must be taken into account that the majority of strawberry varieties sold in the markets are hybrids and these seeds tend not to germinate properly. For this reason, it is advisable to buy the seeds of a variety suitable for growing from seed, that is, a non-hybrid one.

The best time to do this planting is between late summer and early fall. At this time he gets the necessary material and follows these simple steps to sow strawberry seeds:

  1. Some recommend putting the seeds in the refrigerator a few days before planting them, so that the body feels that the cold has passed and reacts more easily.
  2. You can prepare the seedbed yourself with half a tetrabrick or with any similar container. Remember to make several holes in the bottom to act as drainage.
  3. For the substrate, it is good that it has a significant contribution of earthworm humus, almost half.
  4. Moisten the substrate once placed in the seedbed, and spread the seeds by carefully dropping them on the substrate.
  5. Since it is a matter of complicated germination seeds, it is advisable to sow many more seeds than plants you expect to get.
  6. Add about a centimeter of substrate again and water the seedbed every 3-5 days.
  7. The seeds need a humid environment and be kept at a temperature between 18 and 25 ºC, so the use of A greenhouse can be very useful.
  8. Once the seedlings are about 4-5cm tall, you can transplant the strawberries into small individual containers.
Sowing and planting strawberries: when and how to do it - When and how to sow strawberries

When and how to plant strawberries

If you have followed the previous planting method, by the time spring arrives your strawberry or blackberry seedlings they should be ready to be transplanted to their final location outdoors or in a pot. If you have chosen to buy the seedlings to plant them directly, you can skip directly to this point.

The best time to transplant or plant the strawberry seedling is the same as for planting, that is, when there are no extreme temperatures, especially when it is not very cold. Follow these directions and tips for planting strawberries:

  • One of the good things about strawberries or morangos is that, being creeping plantsthey do not require a great depth of soil, so with small pots, about 10 cm deep, it is enough.
  • When you make the holes in the substrate or prepare the layout, respect about 20 cm of separation between plants.
  • It is very important to pay special attention to the soil or the substrate: strawberries need a substrate with great drainage to avoid problems of excess moisture.
  • Equally important is that the soil is rich in organic matter, so it is recommended that the soil be composed of a third of earthworm humus.
  • Before planting strawberries or strawberries, it is convenient to condition their roots. If they are longer than the shoot itself, cut them back without fear, and open or separate them when burying them.
  • Choose a semi-shaded location, if possible without direct light in the hours of greatest incidence.

Grow strawberries – care and advice

Although the strawberry fields need little care, these are the basic indications for grow strawberries successfully:


Strawberries or strawberries need a lot of humidity, so it is important to keep the substrate always moist for them, although never flooded. Precisely for this reason, the drainage of the soil is so important, since the flooding or accumulation of water would probably make your plants sick. In hot season, you may need to water strawberries 2 times a day, or even more, whenever you notice dry soil surface.


These plants need a soil rich in nutrients, so it is advisable to use organic or natural fertilizer in the preparation of the land, as well as adding it to it periodically. In this other EcologíaVerde article we show you useful information about Organic Fertilizer: what it is, types and how to do it.


We have already said that, both in a pot and outdoors, strawberries do not require too much light. keep them in one semi-shade area of your garden or orchard or, in a lighted room without direct solar incidence.


Also, if you live in an area with strong winds, then it is convenient to locate the plants in a point where the wind does not punish them too much, if possible under cover and protected from it.

Apart from this, among the most important points to take into account for the correct care of strawberry plants are remembering to collect large or heavy fruits, put padding or natural mulching or special plastic fabrics and avoid excessive watering and poor drainage, i.e. waterlogging.

You can learn more about the cultivation of strawberries here and if you choose to have them in pots, do not hesitate to learn more about this topic in this other post on Tips for growing strawberries in pots.

Sow and plant strawberries: when and how to do it - Grow strawberries - care and advice

When to harvest strawberries

Depending on how your strawberries have grown, they will be ready from late spring through fallalthough usually the most abundant productions occur at the end of the summer.

More specifically, when the strawberry turns completely red, it is already at its optimum moment of ripening. So, when you see them completely red, cut the stem and the fruit will be ready to wash and consume.

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