Gardening Tips

primrose care

primrose care

The primrose, usually called spring plantis a plant highly appreciated by gardening enthusiasts and its common name is due to when the primroses bloom, as they are one of the first to flower when spring arrives, sometimes even before the end of winter.

It is, in fact, a whole genus of perennial plants, with a great variety of characteristics according to the different types of primroses. If you want to learn more about springs and their care, join us in this EcologíaVerde article in which you will see a complete and practical guide on the primrose care.

Cowslip Characteristics

speaking of primrosesthe first thing we must mention is that, although many believe that these are seasonal plants, this is not the case, and with proper care they can survive as perennial plants. As we have already mentioned at the beginning, they are plants that bloom in spring or somewhat earlier and that is why they are also called springs.

Are five-petal flowering plants and of a wide variety of colors, which give off a pleasant and soft aroma. In addition, it is worthwhile to differentiate some of its most popular types in gardens and for interiors.

types of primroses

One of them is the Primula acaulisalso called Primula vulgaris, which we can find both high and low bushes, with large leaves and stems. The Primula obconica it is easy to distinguish due to its rounded leaves and, although it grows better outdoors, it does not tolerate frost.

We can also meet wild primrose, very common naturally in many territories. This primrose has less intensely colored flowers than the types most used in gardening, but it is also very decorative.

Primrose care - Types of primroses

Light and location for the primrose

Primroses need a well lit location. Outdoors we will try to locate them in some semi-shade area or where they are covered from direct light during the worst hours, while indoors we will look for a very bright area but, again, protected from direct sunlight.

Direct sunlight does not benefit these plants, so it is very important to keep them protected from it and ensure that the light passes through some type of filter such as a fine curtain or it will end up killing them. Obviously, transparent crystals not only do not offer protection, but due to their magnifying effect they will be even more harmful and will burn them.

Weather for primrose

Depending on the specific species, primroses offer different degrees of resistance to cold and frost although, in general, it is best not to expose them to extreme temperatures, neither high nor low. These plants appreciate temperate climates between 14ºC and 18ºC, so in very hot areas the plant can suffer a lot. In addition, the primrose appreciates a moderate environmental humidity. Indoors, keep them away from artificial heat sources such as heaters.

Watering the primroses

Irrigation is one of the most important points in the care of these plants and, as we have said, the plant needs a certain level of humidity to develop properly. Ideally, keep the permanently moistened substrateespecially in the warm months, although always without flooding itwhich would be very harmful to the plant and could cause its roots to rot.

Thus, try to water your primroses every 48 to 72 hours during warm months, but do it weekly in winter. If in doubt, touch the substrate with your finger: if it has dried under the surface layer, the plant needs watering. Here we explain more about when to water the plants.

Primrose Care - Watering Primroses

substrate for primroses

Since they are plants that need regular watering and do not tolerate waterlogging, it will be vital that the substrate offers the best possible drainage. In a pot, in addition, it will be absolutely necessary that it has drainage holes.

requires of substrates rich in organic matter, loose and light, so it is best to prepare a mixture like the one we usually recommend, with a part of coconut fiber, a part of earthworm humus and a part of peat or universal substrate. We can also add some perlite to the mix and thus we will have an ideal soil for our primroses.

Fertilizer for primroses

If we want the plant to bloom abundantly and give large and showy flowers, it is convenient to apply fertilizer as soon as it begins its flowering time and do it approx. each 15 days. It will be enough with ecological organic fertilizer such as, for example, a small contribution of earthworm humus.

Learn how to make earthworm humus with this guide and learn more about how to make homemade organic fertilizer for plants with this other one.

Primrose care - Fertilizer for primroses

How to transplant a primrose

It is very common to transplant these flowering plants, either because we have purchased them from a garden store or a nursery and they need a larger pot, or because we want to take them outside after a while.

The primrose must be transplanted, either as soon as we acquire it, to give it a new substrate or soil and more space, or in spring, when the plant is strongest. have watch your roots extracting it from its current location and water it as soon as you transplant it, as usual in these cases. Learn more about when and how to transplant a plant with this other post.

Why do primrose leaves turn yellow?

Yes the leaves of your primrose turn yellow, especially around the edges, the environment will most likely be too dry for your plant. Try to locate it in an area closer to a window or with more ventilation and try spraying a little water on it once or twice a week. It can also happen that the excessive dryness is due to a poor irrigation, or too direct exposure to sunlight. Therefore, review these aspects in the case of your plant to see what is wrong and correct it.

We recommend you read this other article to learn more about why yellow leaves appear on plants and the solutions that exist.

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