To bring you a little closer to the wonderful and particular world of plants, at EcologíaVerde we have created this article about plants without flowers. In it, in addition to explaining in a general way the origin and functioning of these plants with more than 450 million years on Earth, we have made a list for you to discover a little more about each type. In addition, we include at the end a list with those species that are easier to acquire in your usual florist. We hope that it will be interesting to find out how non-flowering plants reproduce and what they are.
Characteristics of plants without flowers
The main characteristic of plants without flowers It is their way of reproducing. As they do not have a reproductive organ, they do not produce fruits or seeds. These can be divided into two large groups: bryophyteswhere the moss is found, and pteridophytes, where the ferns are found. Outside these two large groups are other species without flowers, such as algae and other prehistoric plants.
Other peculiarities of these plants without flowers is their intense green hue, where in the case of ferns, they have strong stems and large leaves to favor the absorption of nutrients.
Their reproductive cycle can be somewhat complex. The spores are responsible for reproduction. These are structures capable of giving rise to new individuals through cell division. The spores, normally located on the underside of the leaves, wait until they are mature before falling to the ground. In this way, if the area where the spore is placed has sufficient humidity, a new plant will be created. We could say that the spores they create a genetically identical plant to the original mother plant.
Non-flowering plants have a wide diversity and distribution in the world. Therefore, we have below made a list of non-flowering plants which are outstanding species.
Plants without flowers: bryophytes or mosses
the mossesas they do not have conductive tissues, they feed directly on the particles dispersed in the water and on the ground. bryophyte plants They do not have conductive vessels, so each of the cells that make them up has to come into contact individually with light and water to carry out photosynthesis.
Therefore, it is normal to associate them with humid places and where the sun does not reach. There is a wide variety of species and, in fact, we can find them both forming colonies on land or rocks, and in the aquatic environment.
Here we bring you closer to this type of plants, bryophyte plants, examples and characteristics.
Pteridophytes or ferns, another type of plants without flowers
The pteridophyte plants if they have conductive vessels through which the sap circulates, unlike mosses. Larger, these plants without flowers they reproduce by spores and need to inhabit humid environments.
The wide variety and resistance of the ferns They have become one of the most popular species for both interior and exterior decoration. Its striking coloration and dense foliage is perfect for creating cool spaces.
In this other post we show you the Pteridophyte Plants, what they are, their types and examples.
Are plants without flowers, which have rhizomes and can reach up to a meter in height. It has herbaceous stems, branched and articulated. Its reproductive structure, called strobilus, is made up of scales that keep the spores to open when they have matured. This type of plants, which are known as horsetailsprefers wet and rich in nutrients, so it is normal to find it in cultivated areas and on the banks of ditches.
The anthocerotophyta or hornworts
The anthocerotophyta or hornworts They are non-vascular plants that have a flattened leaf-shaped body, also called the thalamus, and a long, cylindrical structure. Although it is typical of tropical areas, it can be found anywhere in the world. Own aquatic environments need humid and shaded places.
Liverworts, another type of plants without flowers
The liver plantslike mosses and hornworts, are non vascular plants. These are characterized by being medium-sized plants that have a varied coloration to carry out photosynthesis. They usually grow in a wide variety of places such as tree branches, rocks, trunks and even ravines. This is due to having a strong anchor with which to adapt to the terrain.
Names of non-flowering plants – examples
These are some examples of plants without flowers easy to find in florists or nurseries, that is, they are one of the most common:
- Cycas revoluta
- Dicksonia antarctica
- Diffenbachia Compacta
- Dracaena Marginata
- Calathea Medallion
- Fittonia verschaffeltii
- Kentia Forsteriana
- Codiaeum variegatum
- Tradescantia zebrina
- Scindapsus pictus
- Adiantum capillus-veneris
- Equisetum sylvaticum
- Ctenanthe setosa
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