Gardening Tips

Pansy flower: care

Pansy flower: care

The pansy plant, scientific name Viola x wittrockiana, is a biennial hybrid plant derived from the viola tricolor. It was originally bred in Northern Europe, and currently has a huge number of varieties, with all kinds of colors and flower sizes. They are highly appreciated plants in gardening, especially for their striking and beautiful flowers and their ability to prevent the growth of weeds, which makes them ideal for planting at the foot of bushes.

If you want to learn the pansy flower care at home, join us in this EcologíaVerde article.

Pansy flower: characteristics

These are the main characteristics of the pansy flower or also called thoughts:

  • It is a biennial plant, the first year it only produces leaves and the second it flowers.
  • Under very optimal care, it can become perennial.
  • It is eatable.
  • It blooms in autumn and in warm climates its flowering can extend until spring.
  • It works great as a natural coverage.
  • It began to cross in the years 1820-1830.

Pansy flower: care

To summarize, these are the basic thought care or pansy flower:

  • Light: It needs good natural lighting, being able to tolerate semi-shade.
  • I usually: It requires soils with a large amount of nutrients and organic matter.
  • Irrigation: every 3 days in the flowering period.
  • Climate: withstands most non-extreme climates.

If you want to accompany them with other plants that have flowers and withstand the same conditions, you may like some of these 15 autumn plants for the garden that you will see in this article.

Pansy flower: care - Pansy flower: care

Light, location and weather

The pansy flowers They were initially crossed in northern Europe, so they can withstand a very wide range of temperatures, from quite warm to not too intense frosts. Yes it is important to place it in a very bright areawhere it receives a good amount of sunlight. If the climate is very hot or with a very intense sun, it is advisable to locate them in semi-shade, or at some point where they are sheltered from the hours of strongest influence. It is a plant that is usually located outdoors, especially for its ability to withstand the cold and inhibit the growth of weeds, which makes it highly recommended for covering garden spaces.

Watering the pansy flower

The most important thing with this plant is to keep the soil relatively moist, but never waterlogged. Excessive watering or poorly drained soil could cause excess moisture in its roots, causing the plant to become sick or weak. In flowering time more frequent watering will be necessary, every 2 or 3 days according to the specific characteristics of the climate and the soil.

In this other post we explain in detail when to water the plants so that you can know when they need water and when they don’t.

Pansy flower: care - Watering the pansy flower

land of the pansy flower

Thoughts need a fairly nutrient rich soil. If planted in autumn, a soil with a good proportion of organic fertilizer will be enough to support the plant for a few months, but after 60 or 90 days it will be necessary to apply new doses of fertilizer, preferably organic.

Here we recommend earthworm humus, which due to its composition and contribution is very beneficial for both the plant and the soil. In this other guide we explain how to make earthworm humus.

pruning of thought

The pansy flower tends to lose much of its vitality when the hot months arrive after it blooms, and it is common for the plant to die if nothing is done. To avoid this, and ensure that our pansy flower lives as a perennial plant instead of as a biennial, it will be necessary to carry out a aggressive pruning as temperatures riseleaving only the stem.

Pansy flower: care - Pruning pansy

Pansy flower pests and diseases

To finish talking about the pansy flower carehere we indicate the pansy plant pests and diseases more common:

  • One of the main threats to this plant is the attack of aphids, which is quite common and of considerable risk for her. To prevent its appearance or combat it, a multitude of homemade and ecological insecticides can be used, such as infusion of garlic or onion, wormwood or chamomile, in addition to potassium soap and Neem oil. Learn more options in this other post about the best home remedies to eliminate aphids on plants.
  • As for mushrooms, powdery mildew It is the one you have to be more careful with. It usually appears as whitish or gray spots on the leaves and stems. As in the case of the aphid, it can be combated with home remedies. A very common one is the milk-based fungicide, which is made by mixing one part of skimmed milk for every 4 parts of water, plus 20 grams of bicarbonate for every liter of mixture. Spray this remedy on the affected leaves and remove those that are in very poor condition. Repeat every 15 days or after heavy rain to use it preventively. Here we show you more about How to combat powdery mildew with home remedies.

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