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Oregano plant: care and what it is for

Oregano plant: care and what it is for

Oregano is a very popular plant both for its medicinal properties and for its value as a condiment: for example, Italian cuisine marks it as an essential ingredient in the most classic pizzas, but it is also very important in the cuisine of many other Mediterranean countries. .

It is a very easy plant to grow both from seed and if you get seedlings at any specialized store. If you want to learn how to grow oregano at home, join us in this practical guide from EcologíaVerde on the care of oregano and what it is for.

How is the oregano plant – characteristics

Oregano, scientific name origanum vulgareis a plant that has its origin in the mediterranean region and in southwestern Eurasia. It is a perennial herb that grows forming bushes about 50 cm tall, with stems that often take on reddish tones and that accumulate their leaves at the top. It produces small, white or pink flowers, which appear formed in inflorescences protected by small leaves with reddish tones. There are a large number of varieties of oregano, but the most common and cultivated is the green leaf oregano. Others, however, may have yellow or green leaves or have bright pink bracts.

If you like aromatic plants to use in the kitchen and to improve health, such as oregano, we offer you this guide on the Types of aromatic plants and we advise you to read this other article about How to grow aromatic herbs at home.

Oregano plant: care and what it is for - How is the oregano plant - characteristics

Oregano plant care – practical guide

Although it is a fairly resistant plant that requires little care, if you know all its needs well, your oregano plant will grow faster and stronger. Let’s see what are the main care of the oregano plant:

Substratum

Regarding the land or the substrate, it does not require very specific soils, but it develops better in limestone soils, mainly due to the good drainage they offer. It is also not convenient for them to be excessively acidic or alkaline soils. For growing in pots, the universal substrate tends to be a good option, although we recommend using your own mixture with part earthworm humus, part peat and part coconut fiber, to which we will add some perlite and vermiculite.

Fertilizer for the oregano plant

As far as fertilizer is concerned, oregano does not need it, but it will develop better in soils enriched with organic matter, as long as it is not abused. We recommend the occasional use of ecological organic fertilizer, such as earthworm humus, which provides a large number of benefits. This will help the stems of the plant to recover sooner after harvest, since only the upper part is harvested.

Climate and irrigation of oregano

If we talk about climates, oregano prefers slightly humid climates, with a mild Mediterranean-type climate, or even somewhat warm. We finish the care of the oregano with the irrigation. In addition to not requiring much water, it is a plant that does not tolerate excess humidity or waterlogging well. Bearing this in mind, it is preferable to carry out regular and infrequent watering, so that the substrate or soil is kept slightly moist and wait for it to dry out a bit before watering again. Of course, after planting and harvesting it is convenient to increase the irrigation a little.

In this other EcologíaVerde article we explain when and how to plant oregano, in case you buy seedlings or reproduce the plant you already have and need a guide to plant the new plants in a way that ensures their growth.

Oregano plant: care and what it is for - Oregano plant care - practical guide

What is the oregano plant for – properties and benefits

Oregano is a medicinal plant It has a large number of beneficial properties for the human body. It is usually used dry to make infusions, although its oil is the one that contains the highest concentration of active ingredients. These include: essential oil with thymol, borneol, carvacrol and caryophyllene, rosmarinic and chlorogenic acids, tannins and flavonoids.

Thanks to this composition, these are the main properties of oregano:

  • Digestive: oregano is very good for practically the entire digestive system, helping to treat heaviness in the stomach or poor digestion, gastritis or heartburn problems.
  • Anti-inflammatory: It also has excellent anti-inflammatory properties, which is why it is often used on inflamed muscles or bruises without open wounds.
  • Antiseptic, antifungal and antibiotic: Oregano is considered to be one of the best natural antibiotics out there, as well as a natural antifungal and antiseptic, thanks to its essential oils and acids. This, for example, makes it very suitable for cleaning the skin and for treating some of its conditions, such as dandruff and acne.
  • Analgesic: Mainly thanks to the oils it contains, it has properties that soothe pain.

In addition, more beneficial properties for health are attributed to it, such as that it is a choleretic, carminative, aperitif, antispasmodic, diaphoretic, healing, diuretic and expectorant plant.

In general, and taking into account the properties of oregano and all the benefits mentioned, it can be said that oregano infusions and rubs with its oil can be used to treat mainly:

  • Digestive problems.
  • skin problems
  • Period pains.
  • Muscle pains.
  • Toothaches.
  • Headaches.

Here below we leave you a video about oregano oil so you can learn about it.

If you want to read more articles similar to Oregano plant: care and what it is forwe recommend that you enter our category .

Bibliography
  • Cebrian, J., (2012), Dictionary of medicinal plantsBarcelona, ​​Spain, Integral RBA Books.
  • Festy, D. & Pacchioni, I., (2016), aromatherapy guideBarcelona, ​​Spain, Obelisk Editions.
  • Worwood, VA, (2018), Essential Oils and AromatherapyMadrid, Spain, Gaia Editions.

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