The multiplication of trees or plants It is done in a very common way to be able to get new specimens with the same characteristics, and there are several methods that can be carried out to achieve this. One of these methods is the sketched, which is also one of the most widely used for both trees and plants. Today I would like to focus on the multiplication of fruit trees by cuttings, which will help you to get excellent specimens.
Cutting is a multiplication method in which a portion of the plant is taken and it is made to develop roots to form a new specimen. A cutting is the piece of stem that is rooted, and in the case of trees there can be up to three types of cuttings: woody cuttings, semi-woody cuttings and root cuttings.
How to cut
This type of cutting is carried out especially in Trees of feeble leaves, although it can also be done in many that are evergreen. The part that you are going to cut, usually the stem, should be taken in autumn-winter, which is when the trees will not have leaves and it will be easier and less damaging. Cut the branches that are one year old, and make small pieces between 15 and 75 cm in length, something that will vary depending on the species but that as a general rule should be 20-40 cm.
Make the base cut below the branch node, and the top cut about 2cm above another node. The most common is that the cut is straight.
The stakes can be planted outdoors or indoors, in the first case using the ground and in the second a tray or any other container suitable for it. Do it outdoors if you live in a warm or temperate climate, but if it tends to be cold it is better to keep the cutting indoors. If you want to plant outdoors yes or yes and the weather is cold, wrap the cuttings in plastic and store them in the fridge until you plant them in spring.
plant the cuttings
Before planting the cuttings you should wet a couple of cm of the base with rooting hormones in order to enhance it. In the case of woody cuttings, it is best to use liquid hormones as this will take less time, so leave the base in the liquid for several hours. Use a substrate of sand and peat in equal parts and when the following autumn arrives, transfer the cutting to a pot until you can make the final planting.
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