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How to reproduce cacti by cuttings

How to reproduce cacti by cuttings

Do you want some of your favorite cacti to reproduce so you have more? Then, you will be interested to know that there is more than one way and that they are easy to make yourself at home. Thus, there are different methods to reproduce cacti and other succulent plants. These methods are seeds, cuttings, suckers, bush division and grafting. However, some cacti cannot be reproduced by seeds because they do not have flowers or because they are sterile and some of the other methods must be applied. In this EcologíaVerde article we will talk about how to reproduce cacti by cuttings and suckersYou will see that it is very simple.

How to reproduce cactus by cuttings easily

The reproduction of cacti by cuttings It is a form of asexual reproduction (without the need for fertilization) of the plant. In this type of reproduction, a part of the plant, in this case the cutting, becomes detached either by the conditions or by the action of an animal (also the human being), begins to generate roots and develop into a plant.

It is a much simpler and shorter reproduction than that carried out by means of seeds and consists of removing one of the arms or parts of the mother plant. This process must be carried out with some care so as not to cause damage to the cuttings or the original plant. In this other EcologíaVerde article we explain how to make cuttings. Once the cutting is extracted, the following are followed steps to reproduce cactus by cuttings:

  1. The first thing once the cutting is separated is to dry the cut. This is done by sprinkling ash on the wound or on a flat sheet containing sand. Also, it should be placed in a place with low humidity and not exposed to sunlight. This process has a minimum duration of 5 days.
  2. When the wound is already healed, the cutting can be placed on a moist substrate and with the scar down, thus promoting root growth. This growth process can be accelerated by the application of hormones, although it is not essential.
  3. Once the roots are already formed, they can be planted in the pot by opening a hole 3 centimeters deep. The pot is prepared in the same way as if we were going to sow seeds. The stem should be buried a little, to help support the new cactus. It is not necessary to press the substrate, it is better to leave it loose so that the cactus develops well.
  4. Try to keep the substrate moist by using a fogger.
  5. Finally, it should be watered as if it were a normal cactus.

An alternative is plant the cactus cutting without the appearance of roots. In this case, it must be done with great care not to have the substrate too compact or waterlogged to prevent the development of fungi. It is advisable to add coal ashes and crushed eggshells to the substrate, as it helps to provide nutrients and give health to our cacti.

exist leaf cuttings and stem cuttings. When making all kinds of cuttings, the best time is from the spring to early summer. This is because at this time the plant recovers its vitality and takes root more easily. On the other hand, the mother cactus generates new shoots and continues to develop.

How to reproduce cactus by cuttings - How to reproduce cactus by cuttings easily

How to reproduce cactus by suckers

The suckers are small plants that are born from the base of the stem or on the sides of the mother plant. Like the cuttings, reproduce a cactus by suckers It is a method of asexual reproduction.

An effective method of generating suckers on a plant is to try to tilt them almost horizontally. Many succulent plants produce very long stems when fully erect and do not produce daughter plants. In this case, the horizontal arrangement of the plant favors the formation of shoots where previously there were leaves or long parts.

For extract the suckers from the cactus we will use sharp and disinfected instruments. The quality of the cut made is very important so that there is no damage to the tissues or to future suckers. Once extracted, the suckers must be kept protected from water, pests and other factors for one or two weeks, to ensure that the wound area dries and heals correctly. Once this is done, they can be planted in sandy and well-drained substrates.

During the first month, irrigation will be more abundant, decreasing towards the adult stage. After a month the first roots should already have developed. The best time to plant them is spring and early summersince that is when the new cactus is most likely to take hold.

Basic care for cactus cuttings and suckers

In addition to getting reproduce cacti In these two ways, now you have to learn how to take care of the new cacti. To do this, at EcologíaVerde we have prepared various articles about cacti and in this case we recommend these about basic care for cactiwhich are used in general but especially when they are suckers or have come from cuttings.

  • Basic care for cacti.
  • Pots for cacti.
  • Tips to help cacti flourish.
How to reproduce cactus by cuttings - Basic care for cactus cuttings and suckers

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