Gardening Tips

How to prune rose bushes

How to prune rose bushes

Rose bushes have a large number of varieties, which can range from shrubs in the garden or pot to the form of hedges or climbers. Its flowers, roses, are some of the most appreciated in gardening throughout the world, and especially in Western countries they are attributed a great romantic or other meaning, depending on their color.

However, for a rosebush to be healthy, maintain the desired shape and give a good number of flowers, we must prune it regularly. If you want to know how to prune rose bushesjoin us in this EcologíaVerde article.

Tools for pruning rose bushes

Before starting with the pruning of rose bushes, we have to know what are the materials and tools that we need to carry it out. To start we will need scissors, but depending on the type of rosebush and its size, we may need one type of scissors or another. For example:

  • for thin branches: we will use bypass scissors.
  • For thick branches: we will use anvil scissors.

Even so, all of them will have to be very well sharpened to make a clean, oblique cut. On the other hand, to prevent our hands from getting irritated or cut, we will also need gloves.

When to prune rose bushes

When to prune rose bushes is easier than it seems. Habitually, the best time to carry out the pruning of the rosebush is in the month of Marchone time the frosts are over. However, all areas do not have the same climates, and in some places late frosts are common. In that case, it is better to delay pruning rose bushes until you are sure that there will be no more frosts.

This must be done this way because the new shoots, which grow rapidly stimulated by pruning, do not have the strength to withstand a frost and, if we cut too soon, the whole function of stimulating the growth of the pruning is lost. In addition to annual pruning, with rose bushes it is necessary to maintain a individual attention all year roundalways removing the roses that dry as they do.

Now that you know when to prune rose bushes, let’s see how to do it next.

How To Prune Rose Bushes - When To Prune Rose Bushes

How to prune rose bushes

When pruning a rosebush, as with any other plant, the most important thing is always disinfect pruning tool properly before use, as well as when finishing pruning each rose bush and before starting the next one.

In this way, we avoid possible infections of diseases, such as fungi, between our different rose bushes. Here we offer you a gardening guide on Pests and diseases of rose bushes, so that you can identify them and, thus, treat and prevent them.

In pruning, you must always carry out clean cuts, diagonally and above shoots that they are oriented outwards, so that the rosebush does not grow towards itself, which would be problematic over time. Next, we are going to see how to prune rose bushes according to where they are planted or their type:

How to prune rose bushes planted in soil

When pruning rose bushes planted in a field, if they are of the bush type, hardly any additional measures are necessary. Rose bushes of this type simply need to be cleaned of dry or bad branches, so you just need to focus on pruning only what is not in good condition.

How to prune potted rose bushes

If you are going to prune a potted rose bush or a mini rose bush, follow these steps:

  1. Remove dead shoots or weak, as occurs with bush-type rose bushes.
  2. Also prune the other shoots leaving between 4 and 7 yolks.
  3. You can choose two or three main shoots and leave them a bit longer.

It may seem like a somewhat aggressive pruning, but it will help your rose bush stay strong and young.

How to prune climbing roses

Pruning climbing roses is also easy:

  1. Focus first on removing all unhealthy sprouts or they seem too weak.
  2. Once this is done, leave space between the different shoots so that new ones can grow, and prune any shoots at the base. with more than 5 years of antiquity.
  3. Keep in mind that if your climbing rose is of a variety with several blooms, it is usual to leave the pruning for the summer.

To complete this information, we recommend this other article on climbing roses: care and pruning.

Also, as a tip to improve pruning, in all types of rose bushes make sure to always remove suckers, which rob a large amount of vitality from the plant.

If you want, you can take a look at the following EcologíaVerde video on the caring for a potted rose bush.

How to prune old rose bushes

Now that we know when to prune a rosebush, let’s see how to prune old rosebushes. These old rose bushes need especially careful pruning, especially if we want the plant to remain young and with abundant flowering. Therefore, it will be necessary to carry out a fairly severe pruningwhich leaves the plant with a height of not more than 30cm or 40cmand applying all the measures mentioned above.

It is especially important that the cuts are clean and made with a very sharp toolas well as that they are diagonal, so that irrigation or rain water does not accumulate on the cut section, which could end up promoting the formation of fungi.

Take advantage of this severe pruning to reorganize the base structure of the plant if it had branches too close together that could disturb each other and, in addition, make sure to apply organic fertilizer during the months after the pruning to give the plant nutrients that help it grow. new with the necessary force. Worm humus is always a very good option.

How to prune rose bushes - How to prune old rose bushes

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