The Capsicum annum, better known as pepper, is the most popular plant of the Capsicum genus, whose use has now spread throughout the world thanks to the well-known food value of its fruits. Thanks to its great productivity and the enormous number of varieties it offers, today the pepper is one of the most common and popular crops in the orchards of gardening and horticultural enthusiasts.
If you want to enjoy your own peppers at home, join us in this EcologíaVerde article in which we are going to see how to plant peppers step by step.
When to plant or sow peppers – ideal season
at the time of plant peppersthe most accepted method and the one that provides the best results consists of sow the pepper seeds in seedbeds protected, for approximately 2 months later to be transplanted to its definitive pot or garden area, where it can safely develop.
For this process, it is recommended to plant the seeds between February and March. The idea is that the plants avoid the most intense cold season, but have enough time to develop enough to be transplanted and produce in the summer.
Transplantation should be done approximately two months after sowing, between April and May. The ideal here is to observe that the minimum temperatures remain above 15ºC and that the plant already has about 6 leaves.
How to plant peppers step by step: sowing the seeds
As we have already said, the best option to ensure the survival and development of your future peppers is to plant them in a seedbed in a protected environment. This is done this way because this plant does not tolerate cold well and germinates somewhat slowly. To prepare your seedbed and sow pepper seeds follow the next steps:
- Prepare a tray or container with a certain depth, at least 15 or 20 cm deep.
- Fill the container with the substrate. It is recommended here to use compost or manure and cover the container with a transparent plastic or glass, so that the fermentation creates a warm bed effect and maintains the temperature of the container above 20 degrees. If you want your pepper seeds to germinate, it is important that the temperature does not drop below this point.
- Place the seedbed in a sunny area, since this vegetable requires daily sun. You should start to see seedlings between 8 and 20 days after planting.
- Two months after planting, your peppers should be plants about 15cm tall. At this point, they are ready to be transplanted to their final location.
How to plant peppers step by step: transplant the seedling
Now that you have seen how to plant peppers, it is time to transplant them so that they can begin to bear their tasty fruits. The pepper can be located both outdoors and in a pot of sufficient depth, but you must bear in mind that it is a plant of hot climates which is very sensitive to cold. For this reason, many people plant it annually despite being a perennial vegetable, since in some climates it can be difficult to get it to survive the winter, especially if it is grown outdoors. For transplant pepper seedlings follow these instructions:
- Choose a suitable location. The pepper will need a soil with very good drainage, both outdoors and in a pot, since excess moisture is very detrimental to the plant. Although they are plants that appreciate light and heat, if you live in a hot climate, you should choose a location where they receive a few hours of shade a day, especially in those of more intense heat.
- If you are going to plant outdoors, dig holes leaving a space of between 40 and 50 cm between them, to give the plants enough space so that they do not compete with each other.
- Whether you plant in a pot or outdoors, the plant will appreciate a soil or substrate with a high contribution of organic matter. In this other post you can consult How to make homemade organic fertilizer for plants. For pots you can use a substrate based on earthworm humus and coconut fiber, while outdoors you can use manure and compost. Once flowering begins, renew the fertilizer every 15 days to obtain a greater number of fruits.
- As far as irrigation is concerned, it is important not to exceed the water supply. It is recommended to water them every three or four days after they have been transplanted, which is when they need more humidity, but then reduce the doses to a single weekly watering.
- As a final detail, if you want to increase the production of your peppers even more, pay attention to the shoots that grow in the area between the petiole and the stem. If you remove them from your plants, the fruits will receive a greater amount of nutrients and will grow larger and more flavorful.
Recipes with organically grown peppers
To finish, we want to offer you ideas so that you can enjoy your new organically grown peppers. We recommend you try these ideas of recipes with peppers that are delicious:
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