Lavandula is a whole genus of plants that includes about 60 species and belongs to the family Lamiaceae. It is a perennial shrub and a very popular aromatic plant both for its pleasant smell, used in all kinds of products and perfumes, and for its characteristic violet or lilac colour. If you also like this plant and want to have it at home, it will be good for you to learn how to plant and care for it.
if you want to learn how to plant lavender step by step in your own home, join us in this EcologíaVerde article in which you will see an easy guide full of tips.
When to plant lavender
The ideal season to plant lavender It depends on the local climate.
- If you live in a warm or mild climate, the best time to sow or plant lavender is in the fall.
- If, on the other hand, you live in a colder climate, it is better to sow or plant in early spring, once the frosts have passed.
Depending on the climate in which you live, one variety of this plant may be better for you than another, just as it may be that you like one much more than another due to its characteristics. So that you know more about the Types of lavender and you can choose better, here we leave you a compilation of 12 types.
How to plant lavender in a pot
Lavender can be planted both outdoors and indoors, as it is a very undemanding plant that can adapt to almost all types of conditions. If you have it indoors, follow these steps to plant lavender in a pot from the seeds:
- Get a lavender plant in good condition and a flower pot. You do not need it to be a pot or container that is too deep, about 30 cm is enough.
- Prepare the substrate and, to do this, keep in mind that lavender is not excessively demanding when it comes to soil nutrients, but it is very important that it has a texture that is as loose as possible to provide very good drainage. You can make yourself a mixture with earthworm humus, peat and coconut fiber in equal parts, to which you can add some perlite. This substrate mixture is rich in nutrients that, although lavender does not need, it will appreciate and, in addition, it provides a loose, aerated soil with great drainage.
- The night before sowing the seeds, water the substrate to moisten it.
- Sow the lavender seeds in the morning. Bury them about 1 cm deep and, if you put several of them in the same pot, respect about 3 cm of separation between them.
- Keep the container in a warm location with a stable temperature of around 20ºCand water them moderately every morning, trying never to flood the substrate.
- When the seeds germinate, 15 to 40 days later, move the container to a location where the seedlings or small plants will receive direct sunlight, albeit moderate intensity. Later, once the plants have grown, you can leave them in their container or transplant them to different containers or even outside.
If instead of doing it from seeds you get a small plant, you will simply have to transplant it to another somewhat larger pot. We recommend you read this other gardening guide on when and how to transplant a plant.
How to plant lavender in soil
It is not highly recommended to sow lavender directly outdoors. Instead, it is preferable to plant them indoors, using the method described above, and transplant the lavender outdoors when the seedlings already have several sets of leaves and are more developed. Therefore, here we explain the steps to plant lavender in the ground when you already have a small or large plant, not from seed.
- prepare the groundMake sure to stir it well and break up the clods to loosen the soil as much as possible. See if the ground drains properly when it rains or you irrigate, if it does it is suitable for planting lavender, but if it doesn’t, look for another location.
- Once I loosen the ground, make a hole in the ground deep enough to accommodate the bulk of plant roots.
- Place the lavender plant in the hole, being careful to put the roots well.
- cover with soil again the hole and the base of the plant. You can add some sand to this soil to improve the texture of the soil.
- water abundantlyusing fertilizer in the first of the irrigations after the transplant and in the following irrigations only water.
Lavender care – basic guide
These are the basic care that lavender needs:
- Light: Lavender is quite demanding in this aspect, and requires a large amount of sun to develop properly. Locate it where it receives at least six hours of direct light daily, although if you are in a very hot climate or with a very intense sun, protect it from it in the worst hours.
- Climate: This plant has the ability to withstand frost and cold winters, despite the fact that it is native to mild warm climates.
- Location: One of the most important points to keep in mind when choosing a lavender location is that these plants need aeration and space. It is not advisable for the seeds to grow stacked on top of each other or on other plants in the immediate surroundings.
- Irrigation: this is a very rustic plant that has the ability to withstand long droughts. However, in the warm months, when the plant is in the growing season, it will need to be watered moderately. It is especially important to water by wetting the soil, avoiding excessively moistening the aerial parts of the plant, especially branches and flowers, or we can favor the appearance of fungi. In warm months, water about once a week.
- Subscriber: Excessive fertilization of lavender can cause the flowers to lose their pleasant smell. It is enough to apply some organic fertilizer in the growing months.
- Pruning: Before the flowering season or after it, it is advisable to carry out an annual pruning of lavender. This should not be too aggressive, without reducing the plant to less than half its size. Here you can learn more about when and how to prune lavender.
For more information, you can go to these other EcologíaVerde gardening guides in which we explain the Care of the potted lavender plant and When and how to reproduce the lavender plant in case you want to have more plants from the one you already have. you have.
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