Geraniums, which are actually a genus of plants with about 200 species and are called Pelargonium, They are one of the most valued and popular flowering plants on balconies and terraces of all kinds when the warm months arrive. These plants, which are also not demanding in their care, are as striking as they are decorative and have another great point in their favor: their easy reproduction.
Although we can reproduce geraniums naturally, from seeds, doing it by cuttings is much faster and more comfortable, and this multiplication method rarely fails with this plant. If you want to learn how to do it, keep reading us in this EcologíaVerde article in which we explain how to do and how to plant geranium cuttings step by step.
How to make geranium cuttings
The first step will be to take a cutting from a mature and healthy geranium. Keep in mind that the cutting will grow as a copy of the plant from which it was taken, so it is best to make it from a strong and healthy geranium. follow these steps to make geranium cuttings:
- Begin by selecting the stem or stems to be cut. Choose stems that do not have buds or flower buds to punish the plant as little as possible, since forming them requires a lot of energy and in the cutting you will have to remove them anyway. However, if you see that there are no flowers without flowers, you can use a healthy one with a flower, but we recommend that you take advantage of it to decorate or for other purposes.
- Select a suitable tool, such as scissors or pruning shears. It is very important that it is as sharp as possible and that you sterilize it before making each of the cuts.
- Cut it above the second armpit. As with pruning, don’t make the cut completely straight: giving it some slant will help the plant heal better. In this other article you can learn more about when and how to prune geraniums.
- Leave about the top 6 inches of the cutting, discarding the rest so it doesn’t get too big. Also remove all the leaves except the top two.
When to plant geranium cuttings
The cuttings cannot be cut and planted at any time, since the life cycle of the plant must be attended to so that the trauma is not too much and at the same time the new cutting has good possibilities of growing, despite the fact that in the case of the geranium it is a plant especially resistant to the process.
The best time to make and plant geranium cuttings It is in the warm months from spring to autumn. In the winter months is when the plant is in a state of rest, and the cutting may not take root until the arrival of heat again. In the middle of summer you also have to be careful, since especially hot and dry days can be very punishing for a newly planted cutting.
How to plant geranium cuttings step by step
We recommend using the method of geranium cuttings in water, since it allows us to prepare several cuttings in very little space, because a single container can be enough and, in addition, it allows us to see at a glance how the roots evolve. take note of these steps to plant geranium cuttingsstarting by putting them in water so that they take root and ending by planting them in a pot or soil.
- Prepare a container with enough water to cover at least the bottom half of the cut cuttings. The leaves should always be out of the water.
- The next thing is to place the cut stems in the container. To prevent them from sinking too much or slipping, you can use a small string or tape that joins several stems without squeezing them slightly, just to hold them, being careful that the leaves do not bend or crush each other.
- Place the container in a lighted place but where it does not receive direct sunlight and change the water in the container every 48 hours to avoid the appearance of diseases.
- When the cuttings have developed roots, we can plant them in their final location in a pot or garden.
- It is advisable to prepare a particularly nutritious substrate for them in these first steps. A mixture that works very well is that of coconut fiber with earthworm humus and peat, to which it is worth adding some vermiculite and perlite. It gives a light substrate, with great drainage and very nutritious, which will greatly favor the new plant. To learn more about the process of planting a geranium cutting that already has roots after several days or weeks in water, we recommend this other article on How to transplant a plant.
Basic care of geraniums
These are the main care of geraniums that you must take into account to take care of them at home, whether it is an acquired plant or one that comes out from the geranium cuttings that you have made.
- Geraniums have two big key needs: sun and water. These plants need a minimum of 6 hours of daily light if we want them to grow and flower well, but direct exposure to the worst hours of light could also burn them.
- Find a location where they receive light during the morning, but sheltered from the afternoon hours of greatest insolation.
- When it comes to irrigation, the plant needs to maintain a certain level of constant humidity in its substrate during the warm months. Be careful not to overdo it, because a moist substrate does not mean that you flood it. If you go too far, you’ll drown the plant. That is why it is necessary that the pot has drainage holes and the soil drains well.
- In the cold months, it will be necessary to space out the watering much more. Finally, the plant will appreciate a contribution of fertilizer with the arrival of heat and on a monthly basis, as well as an autumnal pruning that favors the next flowering.
Here you can learn much more about geranium care and here you can discover 23 types of geraniums.
If you want to read more articles similar to How to plant geranium cuttingswe recommend that you enter our category .
Leave a Comment