Gardening Tips

How to plant garlic

How to plant garlic

Garlic, scientific name allium sativum, is one of the most cultivated and consumed plants in the world thanks to its extensive culinary and nutritional properties. It is believed that the origin of this plant takes us to Asia, although it was spread to Europe and the Middle East thousands of years ago.

The bulb, with an intense flavor and aroma when cut, has already been appreciated in Egyptian and ancient Greek cultures for the multiple benefits it brings to health. If you want to know how to plant garlic step by step in your own home, follow us in this EcologíaVerde article.

When to plant garlic

The best season to plant garlic It depends a lot on the climate of the area you live in. In most areas of the Mediterranean, garlic is usually grown between late fall and early wintersince it is a plant that germinates well in the cold of a mild winter.

However, if the climate you live in is one of very cold winters, it is recommended to plant it after the worst of winter has passed. In temperate zones it can be planted twice a year, in spring and in autumn.

How to plant garlic - When to plant garlic

How to plant garlic step by step

at the time of plant garlic at home, whether in a pot or in the garden, the simplest and most common is to use cloves from the bulb itself, that is, those used in the kitchen. The garlic that is usually bought is nothing more than the underground bulb of the plant, and although it is possible to sow garlic seeds, which look like tiny garlic cloves, their growth is much faster when the large cloves are planted directly. follow these simple steps to plant garlic at home:

  1. Choose the location of the garlic. If you are going to plant them outdoors, dig small holes between 2 and 3 cm deep, spaced about 15 cm between them. If you are going to plant multiple rows, leave double the space between them. In a pot, it will be enough to choose one about 20 cm deep.
  2. Turn the soil to oxygenate it and loosen it, and fertilize it with organic fertilizer to prepare it for the garlic. Both in a pot and outdoors, a layer of compost will help the harvest to be fruitful.
  3. Bury the head of garlic in the hole, always with the pointed part facing up.

If you sow from seeds you can follow these same steps, but it will take about two years to harvest your first garlic.

How to grow garlic – basic care

Now that you know how to plant garlic in houses, we continue with the basic care and cultivation of garlic:

Drainage, irrigation and humidity

As is the case with many bulbs, one of garlic’s main enemies is excess moisture. For this reason, it is necessary that the land or pot in which you plant your garlic has good drainage, and that the irrigation is not excessive. This is a very delicate point, since if the soil is too dry you will have small-sized garlic, but if you water them excessively it is very likely that your plants will suffer attacks from fungi or diseases. It is recommended to maintain a slight level of humidity in the soil, without ever flooding.

light and location

As far as light is concerned, garlic always appreciates the sun. Both outdoors and indoors, it is recommended to plant them in an area where they receive a great deal of sunlight, and only in very hot climates or with a very intense sun should they be located in semi-shaded areas.

Garlic flowers and seeds

It is also important to cut the flowers of the plants as soon as they appear if what you want is to harvest large and tasty garlic. Otherwise, the plant will divert its nutrients to the flower and stem, and the bulb will be smaller. If instead you want to collect seeds, you can leave some flowers to develop.

When is the garlic harvested?

Once the leaves of the plant have dried or withered, it is time to harvest the garlic. You will have to uproot the plant to keep its bulb, which is the head of garlic, and let it dry in the sun for a few days. If you have planted before winter or at the end of it, the most normal thing is that the time of harvest arrives between May and July.

If you like bulbous plants, we recommend this other EcologíaVerde post about 15 bulbous plants. Some of these bulbous plants are edible and others are just ornamental, but they are suitable for both indoors and outdoors. In addition, related to garlic and onions, we can find the shallot and if you are interested in planting it at home, here we tell you how to grow shallots.

How to plant garlic - When is the garlic harvested?

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