The cherry tree, scientific name prunus avium, is a fruit tree belonging to the Rosaceae family, very popular due to its tasty and striking fruit, cherries. It is a species that is not too demanding with its care and that also stands out for resisting the cold better than many other fruit trees.
If you wonder how you can plant a cherry tree to have one at home, both from a seed and from a cutting or branch, join us in this EcologíaVerde article where you will find a guide on how to plant a cherry tree and various related tips.
When to plant cherry trees
doWhat is the best time to plant a cherry tree?? If we are going to plant a young cherry treethis fruit tree can be planted, unless you live in an exceptionally cold climate, throughout the season between January and early summer, although the best time is undoubtedly in springaround the month of May or beginning of June.
If what we are going to do is sow the seeds or cherry pitsit is best to do it at the end of fallso that the seeds spend a few months in the cold to optimize their chances of germination.
How to plant a cherry tree from a bone
To know how to plant a cherry tree with a bone correctly, follow these tips:
- Planting a cherry pit and getting it to germinate can be very difficult if you use fruits bought in supermarkets or department stores, so it is always advisable to choose cherries from someone you know with a good tree in their orchard or garden, or buy them in small shops that they offer quality and organic cherrieswhich have not been collected early.
- Another very useful trick when learning how to germinate a cherry pit is to take the cherry pits, well cleaned of fruit remains, and put them in the fridge, wrapped in moistened absorbent paper, for about 8-12 weeks. If you want to plant without having to wait for fall, you can give the seed winter-like conditions that will help it germinate.
- It is convenient to plant various seedIt’s just in case one doesn’t germinate, even if you just want a cherry tree.
- It is also highly recommended to plant first potted in order to better control the conditions of the seed, which will need an airy and sunny place, and transplant it to its final location only when it has grown enough.
- Also don’t forget to keep the seed and plant in their early stages with the land always wetalthough never flooded.
Here we tell you much more about How to germinate a seed.
How to plant a cherry tree from a branch
at the time of knowing how to plant a cherry tree by cutting or branch, the first thing to say is that, like seeds, this method of propagation for cherry trees may not be successful. In fact, many varieties make it quite difficult for the cutting to be successful, but there are varieties that greatly improve these chances of success, such as Vladimirskaya, Pink Bottle, Shubinka or Rastunya.
- Take the cuttings of a healthy cherry tree at the beginning of June, with green branches and about 15 cm in length.
- Leave them only one sheet, or two if they are small.
- Leave them overnight soaking in rooting agent, which you can purchase or prepare organically yourself, and plant them first thing in the morning.
- Bury them about 4 cm in the ground, using a light substrate, with very good drainage and rich in nutrients. A mixture of earthworm humus and river sand can give very good results, or humus, peat and coconut fiber. A bed of coarse gravel or expanded clay will further improve the drainage of the growing medium.
- After this, water frequently but without flooding.
- Keep it in a shady place and at no less than 24ºC and, if you are lucky, the cutting will take root in a few weeks and you will be able to plant it in a pot to continue growing until it is ready to be planted in the ground.
How to plant a cherry tree in a pot
Both from cutting and from seed, it is best to always plant the cherry tree in a pot initially, to wait for it to germinate, grow and, after a year or two, we can transplant it to its final location abroad.
However, we can also decide why the definitive location of our cherry tree is a larger pot, because, although these fruit trees can reach heights of up to 8 meters in a natural environment, in a pot their size will be much smaller.
Wait until the little cherry tree has at least 15 or 20cm tall and then transplant it, in early spring or late winter, to a larger pot, with the same type of substrate and with great care not to damage its roots. In this other article you can learn about How to transplant a plant.
In addition, we advise you to take a look at this other guide on How to grow fruit trees in a pot.
How to make a cherry tree bear fruit
Whenever we plant a fruit tree, we have to prepare ourselves to gather patience since, in many cases, we will have to wait years for it to bear fruit, especially if we do not graft it.
if you wonder how long does a cherry tree take to bear fruit either how long does a cherry tree take to growthe answer is that it is very rare that you get your first cherries before the 3 years life of the tree, and it will take a few more to reach true maturity and bear fruit in great quantity.
In addition, the amount of fruit that your cherry tree bears will depend a lot on its water, soil and climate conditions. The cherry tree weather The most optimal is a temperate one, with well-differentiated seasons but without very strong frosts. If you provide your cherry tree with frequent watering, make sure that it receives at least 8 hours of sunlight a day and add nutrients to the soil regularly during the growing seasons, your cherry tree should give you its fruits from the age of three.
Now that you have learned all this about planting cherry trees, we recommend you read these other EcologíaVerde articles on When and how to prune fruit trees and Homemade fungicides for fruit trees.
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