Organic farming is one that dispenses with the use of synthetic and artificial products, which allows it to be a traditional agriculture, respectful of the environment and the ecosystem as a whole, as well as 100% natural. However, all agriculture requires fertilization from time to time and, in the case of organic farming, the fertilizer must also be organic, since it will be the only way to preserve the conditions of the organic garden and achieve an equally organic harvest. If you want to know how to fertilize an organic garden Continue reading Green Ecology and we will tell you about it.
What is ecological fertilizer
Just as we talk about organic farming, organic fertilizers are those that do without synthetic and artificial products to provide the minerals and nutrients to the soil that the plant needs. In this way, to make ecological fertilizers, it is necessary to opt for options that are natural from the beginning. Despite what it may seem, the use of organic fertilizers has been used since the invention of agriculture and, only from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, with the introduction of chemical fertilizersThey were relegated to the background.
Actually, to produce an ecological fertilizer, all we need is organic material (whose origin is also ecological) and adapt it so that it can be used as fertilizer. In this sense, we can find some very traditional examples, such as the use of cattle manure or compostwhich make it possible to obtain ecological fertilizers in large quantities by reusing waste from other activities.
One of the aspects that must be taken into account when manufacturing ecological fertilizers is that the origin of all raw materials that we are going to use are also ecological. In other words, if we take the use of cattle manure as an example, it will be necessary that these cattle have also been fed with organic feed. We cannot forget that the main objective of organic farming is to dispense with synthetic substances. When cattle are fed artificial feed, these synthetic substances remain in their faeces. In this way, if we used this manure to fertilize a garden, these synthetic substances would go to agriculture, so it could not be considered ecological. As you can see, it is a simple distinction, but one that must be taken into account when knowing how to fertilize an organic garden.
In the following article we explain the advantages of composting.
How to obtain ecological fertilizers
Buy ecological fertilizers
There are different ways to obtain ecological fertilizers. Broadly speaking, we can differentiate between two, either we buy it already prepared or we make it ourselves. One of the simplest options to obtain these ecological fertilizers, simply for buy them at a farm or garden store. There are several companies that manufacture these fertilizers on a large scale and, if we want a quick option but at the same time ecological, it is the easiest option to fertilize our organic garden. All we have to do is read the label correctly and make sure that it is a fertilizer that is marketed as organic, which, at the same time, we can check by reading the ingredients. At this point, we can find a large majority of organic fertilizers made from organic compost that has subsequently been packaged for sale.
How to make organic compost
On the other hand, if we want compost ourselves, we will have different options within our reach, which will range from looking for an ecological farmer that allows us to collect the leftover manure to use as fertilizer, making our own ecological compost ourselves in an area properly set up for it, or simply opting for a fertilizer green. The so-called ecological green manures consist of burying plant remains (generally green leaves) in fallow land and letting them decompose directly in the garden. It is a more laborious option, but equally effective if we want to fertilize an organic garden.
How to pay an organic urban garden
On the other hand, it must be taken into account that, although most organic gardens are located in rural areas and have access to fertilizers such as manure or self-manufactured compost, in the case of having a small organic garden (for example an urban garden), it is very likely that it will be difficult for us to access this type of fertilizer. In these cases, we will always have the option of acquiring ecological fertilizers in a store as already mentioned. However, if we still want to opt for an ecological and homemade fertilizer, there are several options that we should not lose sight of.
First of all, we can make a “compost infusion”. This can be done in different ways and in different amounts. In the case of doing it for a small urban garden, it is best to introduce organic food scraps in a cloth bag and leave it in a container with water for several days. After this time, we will see that the water will have taken on a dark appearance, as well as a certain intense smell. This water will be loaded with minerals and beneficial microorganisms for the crop, so we can use it as irrigation water to provide all these nutrients to the plants in our garden.
Second, we can also choose to speed up the “compost infusion” process. In this case, it will suffice to boil organic food scraps in a pot and, letting it cool completely, use the water as irrigation water. In this case, we will have accelerated the process and eliminated the microorganisms but, even so, we will preserve all the beneficial minerals.
Compost with organic remains
Finally, we can also obtain an ecological fertilizer for a small urban garden from the grinding of organic food scraps. In this case, we will pass these remains through a blender until we obtain a homogeneous paste. Next, we will mix this paste with the earth that we are going to use in the crop and, after a few days, we will be able to plant in it any plant that we want, since it will be a land with a high content of nutrients.
If you want to read more articles similar to How to pay an organic gardenwe recommend that you enter our Garden Care category.
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