The avocado, also known as american persea or avocado, is a tree native to Mesoamerica that is grown in Mediterranean or tropical climate zones in many parts of the world.
Its fruits are very popular for its peculiar flavor and texture and its great nutritional qualities. If you want to enjoy these fruits of your own harvest and have space, keep reading EcologíaVerde to learn how to germinate avocado or avocado in your own home.
How to germinate an avocado or avocado bone
if you wonder how to plant an avocado tree To grow it at home and enjoy its fresh fruits, take note of the entire process.
grow your own avocado plant It may not be that simple at first, so the first advice we will give you is that when you get down to work, do not pin all your hopes on a single bone and prepare several of them to increase your chances that at least one of them your avocado bones grow.
The second thing you should take into account is the climate where you live. The avocado is a tropical tree, and it needs adequate heat and humidity conditions. If your climate is cold or very dry, perhaps you should rethink your choice of crop.
With that said, we can start with the step by step to germinate an avocado bone:
- Choose an avocado stone and clean it completely of debris and debris, although being careful not to damage it. Pay attention and limit yourself to removing the remains of the fruit, and not the skin of the stone itself.
- Now, locate the bottom and top parts of the bone. The lower part, where the roots will grow, is the widest, while the most pointed is the upper part.
- Take three wooden sticks and stick them into the pit in a Y-shape, so that they allow you to hold the avocado pit in a glass of water without submerging it completely.
- Place it like we just said, so that the top half of the bone is above the water. It is preferable to use a transparent or translucent glass to be able to observe the state of the bone and the water.
- Change the water when it’s dirty, which will be about once a week. Within two to four weeks, you should see seeds appear and the first sprouts appear on your avocado. The upper end will dry out and crack, while the lower end will grow roots.
- Once the stem is about 8 inches long, cut it in half to encourage plant growth. When it reaches the same height again, it is ready for transplanting.
How to plant an avocado pit
Transplanting your sprouted avocado at this point is not complicated. For plant an already germinated avocado pit follow these steps:
- Carefully remove the toothpicks or cut them flush with the surface.
- Prepare a pot with at least 20 cm depth and fill it with multipurpose substrate.
- Plant your small avocado tree, making sure the roots are well buried but leaving the stem and top of the pit above ground level.
In these other EcologíaVerde articles we explain everything about How to plant an avocado at home and Transplant a plant: when and how to do it.
How long does it take for an avocado tree to grow?
Avocado seed or pit it takes about 10 days to germinate and will need several weeks to be ready for transplanting. From then on, it takes about 3 years for the tree to give its first flowers, and will not bear fruit before 5 years old.
Of course, these are indicative amounts of time, which may vary depending on each specific case and the variety in question of your avocado tree.
How to take care of an avocado or avocado tree
The avocado is a tree that must be closely watched, especially in its first years of life. Therefore, we recommend you follow these tips on how to care for an avocado tree:
When watering the avocado plant, its soil must be kept moist due to its superficial roots, but never flooded. This tree is very sensitive to the latter and an excess of watering would be even more damaging than a shortage of it.
Avocado Plant Fertilizer
Regarding the subscriber, you can do it for the first time a month after planting your tree, and once a month later during the first year of the tree’s life, although applying small amounts of fertilizer. From there, the applications can be spaced out more and more, until they are quarterly. Here you can learn how to make homemade organic fertilizer for plants.
With avocado, it is important to keep the area around the tree free of weeds or weeds. Pay special attention to this point after fertilizing.
location and light
If you plant your avocado in an area that gets a lot of direct sun, it might be a good idea to paint the trunk white with garden-specific paint, at least for the first few years. If, on the other hand, you have located it in a semi-shaded area, safe from the strongest midday sun, this will not be necessary.
Lastly, if you live in a windy area, guiding or supporting the tree with a stake or some other firm structure can help it in its first years of life.
We also recommend you read these other posts on How to graft an avocado and when and Pests and diseases of avocado. In addition, here below we leave you a video about the care of this tree, which you can also learn about in this guide to Caring for avocados in pots.
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