Roses are one of the most beautiful and gifted flowers in the world. For this reason, there are many gardening enthusiasts who dream of being able to have their own rosebush at home, even when they do not have a garden or large space. Well, it is possible to plant rose bushes in small spaces and indoors, you just have to choose the type of rose bush that we are going to plant and attend to its care. One of the most suitable for this is the mini potted rosebush or pitiminí rosebushas well as the patio rosebush.
If you want to learn how to take care of potted roses, keep reading us in this EcologíaVerde article where you will find a practical guide on how to care for a potted rose bush.
Basic care of a potted rose bush
As a summary, these are the main care of potted rose bushes:
- Flower pot: a deep pot, preferably clay.
- Substratum: rich in peat and nutrients, loose and with good drainage.
- Irrigation: frequent, daily in summer and every three days in winter.
- Pass: monthly, specific or with guano.
- Pruning: cleaning of dried leaves and stems. Rejuvenation pruning when necessary.
- Transplant: every two or three years.
Pot for a potted rose bush
Rose bushes need a pot with a good depth. Depending on the type of rosebush, the minimum necessary changes. A mini rosebush will suffice with a container of about 35cm deepwhile other larger shrubs will appreciate a container of up to 50cm. Climbing rose bushes deserve special mention, as they need the more depth, the better, so amphora pots are a great option.
Regarding the material, the terracotta or ceramic pots are always a better option. They help maintain the temperature of the roots and the substrate more stable, in addition to favoring the evaporation of excess moisture by perspiration. It is essential that they have drainage holes. As far as the location of the pot is concerned, we will always put it in an area that is as sunny as possible.
Substrate for potted roses
Rose bushes are plants that need a large amount of nutrients, so we must prepare a peat based substrate that is rich in organic matter, as well as light, to offer good drainage.
First of all, improve the drainage of your pot by adding coarse gravel, round river stones or pieces of tile or pot to the bottom of your container, forming a bed. This will also help the substrate not to come out through the drainage holes. Then add the peat-based substrate, which is a good idea to enrich with a third of compost or earthworm humusto give it nutrients.
Here we explain what it is and how to make bokashi or bocashi compost and how to make earthworm humus for plants.
Watering the potted rose bush
How watering a potted rose bush It is not too different from how to do it with the outdoor ones, except for the frequency. Outdoor rose bushes have access to more moisture in the soil and can go much longer without water.
In a pot, on the other hand, the rosebush will need to be watered approximately every day in summer and every three days in the cold months. It is very important to pay attention to the signals that the plant gives us in this regard, and learn to get the point of not watering too little or too much.
Rose bushes are quite susceptible to fungal attack due to excess moisture, so you have to water them without flooding and trying not to wet the leaves or flowers, limiting yourself to wetting the soil. Use a fine-head shower head.
Fertilizer for potted rose bushes
Being located in a pot, the plant is more susceptible to lack of nutrients, since irrigation tends to wash them away. For this reason, it will be necessary to fertilize the potted rosebush more frequently than if it were planted outdoors.
You can resort to specific payment and apply it once a month according to instructions, or opt for the ecological route and use worm humus or guano, the latter especially recommended for rose bushes. If your rose shows symptoms of iron chlorosis, that is, yellowing or loss of the green color of the leaves, add some iron supplement to the soil.
In this other post you can learn how to make homemade organic fertilizer for plants.
Pruning the potted rose bush
When we consider the caring for a potted rose bush, pruning is vital to maintain the state of the plant. To know how to prune a potted rose bushthe most important thing is to bear in mind that constant maintenance must be carried out on the plant, removing the dried leaves, flowers and stems. Later, if the bush has grown too much, a rejuvenation pruning can be carried out about 10 cm above ground level, which will help it to grow again with strength and vitality.
Here you can learn more about when and how to prune rose bushes.
Transplanting the potted rose bush
Another of the potted rose care is the transplant. It will be necessary to renew the land of the rosebush every two or three years, although we keep the same container. Renew two thirds of the substrate by providing a new one enriched with nutrients, and prune the roots of the plant in the same proportion so that new ones can grow again.
We recommend you consult these other guides on How to transplant a rose bush step by step and Transplant a plant: when and how to do it, as well as watch this practical video on the care of potted rose bushes.
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