One of the greatest pleasures we can find is to grow our own food, especially if it is fresh fruits and vegetables. However, crops have to face a multitude of threats that can, if not treated in time, end up completely destroying the crop, be it large or small. In fact, one of the most dangerous threats farmers have to deal with is fungi, which can infect fruit trees and render the fruit and the plant itself completely unusable. If you want to discover some homemade fungicides for fruit trees that will help you keep fungi at bay, keep reading EcologíaVerde and we will tell you about it.
what are mushrooms
mushrooms They are a type of living organism that can be found from molds and yeasts to mushrooms. They are different from plants and animals, although, at first glance, they may resemble the former. One of the characteristics of fungi is that, unlike plants, they are heterotrophs, that is, they cannot carry out photosynthesis and have to feed on other living organisms, although the way they do it is by absorption, just like plants. Thus, parasitize or infect other living things and feed across its surface.
In fact, fungi can infect both animals and plants, and they can have different sizes, although, in most cases, they are microscopic organisms that manifest themselves in the form of spots as a whole colony of these living beings. When this happens to a plant, it is essential to remove them, as otherwise they will feed on it, damaging its health and even killing it.
In fact, fungi are one of the most common tree diseases, as you can see in this other EcologíaVerde article.
What are fungicides
Fungicides are substances that act as a poison for fungiwhose Latin name is fungi, where the name comes from. The fungicides that exist can be very varied, although, broadly speaking, they can be divided into natural fungicides and chemical fungicides.
In the case of natural fungicides, we will be talking about substances produced by nature and that act as a poison for fungi, eliminating them without leaving traces of artificial substances in the environment. On the contrary, in the case of chemical fungicides, we will be talking about artificial substances that act in the same way when it comes to eliminating fungi, but which, unlike natural fungicides, do lead to the release of toxic substances in the environment.
In fact, one of the problems that arises when treat fungus on plants Like fruit trees, it is that they are plants destined to be consumed as food. In this way, if chemical fungicides are used, these toxic substances will pass to the organism that feeds on them, whether they are people or animals, since food contamination occurs. In this way, and especially in the case of plants such as fruit trees, it is much better to opt for homemade and natural fungicides, which will allow the fungi to be eliminated from the fruit without putting the health of future diners at risk.
Homemade fungicides to treat fruit trees
These are the best natural fungicides to treat fungus on fruit treesin addition to a very effective technique to eliminate these parasites in a natural and ecological way.
One of the simplest homemade fungicides to make is the one that can be made from cinnamon. Cinnamon is obtained from the bark of the tree known as cinnamon. In addition to being an excellent condiment in the kitchen, this substance has fungicidal properties that will prevent fungi from spreading through our plants.
To use it, it is best to dissolve a generous amount of cinnamon in a liter of water, let it rest for at least one night, and then spray that water on the affected areas of the fruit tree. Another way to apply it is to cover the soil around the tree with a good amount of cinnamon, which will be especially useful in the event that fungi are affecting the roots.
Another of the most powerful natural fungicides that we can make at home is the one made from sodium bicarbonate. To prepare it, we must mix a tablespoon of baking soda with one of natural soap, and add a liter of water. Once the mixture is well dissolved, it can be applied to the leaves of the tree with a sprayer. In this recipe, baking soda is the part that acts as a fungicide. However, it is necessary to add a tablespoon of natural soap so that the formula adheres better to the leaves.
Discover here more Uses of baking soda in the garden and orchard.
Another natural product that has fungicidal properties is apple cider vinegar. To prepare the homemade fungicide from apple cider vinegar, it is recommended to mix the vinegar with water in a 50/50 ratio and add a teaspoon of natural neutral soap. Once the mixture is well dissolved, it can be applied directly to the fruit tree with a sprayer.
lack of water
One of the factors that we have to take into account when eliminating fungi is that these types of organisms always proliferate in humid areas or with excess water. In this way, if the fruit trees, or any other type of plant, present fungi, it is possible that it is due to an excess of water in the irrigation. Therefore, a good idea to eliminate fungi is to reduce the excess water present in the environment.
However, this measure will not usually completely destroy the fungal spores, but will simply stop their growth. However, it is a good way to enhance the effects of the fungicides mentioned above, so a combination of less water and a natural fungicide will be perfect to eliminate the presence of fungi in any type of tree.
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