The hazel It is a tree that belongs to the Betulaceae family and the Corylus genus, which is made up of about 15 species of shrubs and trees that originate in the more temperate zones of the Northern Hemisphere. The most common species among lovers of gardening are Corylus maxima, Corylus colurna and Corylus avellana, their fruits being very interesting: hazelnuts, which are used both for food and for the manufacture of paints and which are delicious.
They are specimens that do not usually exceed 6 meters in height and have deciduous leaves, with a round shape at the tip and a jagged edge. Before they fall they turn a very pretty yellow, and the tree produces male flowers about 8 centimeters long before the leaves begin to appear. The female flowers are bud-shaped, dark, and have reddish stigmas. It is a tree that can live for several centuries if the right conditions are met. In EcologíaVerde, we show what are the hazelnut care.
Basic hazelnut care
- Location: It needs to be in a very well lit place, preferably in full sun, but it can also develop in semi-shaded areas.
- Temperature: cool temperatures work best for it, and it can even resist cold and frost. However, very high temperatures are not highly recommended, at least not for many hours a day.
- I usually: the most suitable is the one that carries a lot of humus and is very well drained. The final planting should be done in autumn.
- Irrigation: it has to be abundant and frequent, so that the soil is always moist but does not become waterlogged. It is a tree that does not resist drought, so pay close attention to this.
- Pass: use a mineral fertilizer during flowering, when it begins to sprout and another in mid-autumn, adding organic fertilizer on that occasion, preferably manure.
- Pruning: training is only necessary in its first two years of life.
- Multiplication: It is made by seeds, by layering during the spring or from grafts.
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