have a mycological garden at home It is being seen again in many homes, since in the past it was more common. It is an activity that may seem curious, but it is really practical if we are passionate about eating mushrooms and edible fungi because we can enjoy them all year round.
Thus, you can grow mushrooms at home and sell them, if you want to become an entrepreneur in a new business, or grow them for your own consumption. Do you want to grow mushrooms at home because they are the most used in the kitchen? Or grow boletus at home by making a garden with various edible species? Then, this EcologíaVerde article will be very useful to you, because in the following lines we explain everything about how to grow mushrooms at home. Take note!
How to start growing mushrooms at home
For grow edible mushrooms In your home you will have to start by getting something based for it: the mushrooms themselves or their spores, as well as the appropriate substrate. The edible mushroom seeds, and also inedible ones, are those that allow their reproduction, such as spores, mycelles, mycorrhizae, etc., depending on the species and other factors. The suitable substrates for this type of crop they are from soil to compacted straw, which you will have to place in a box or a sack, or even pieces of tree trunks. Also, if you want to opt for a cultivation of organic mushroomsyou can do it using growing kits and organic substrate that you will find in specialized stores.
After choosing the seeds, micelles or spores of the species you want to grow (later you will be able to see the names), you will only have to decide what base and substrate you want, as well as find a suitable location in your house (below you can see the location conditions).
Edible Mushroom Grow Kit
They are also called mushroom self-cultivation kits or mycokits and, as their name implies, they are packages that include everything necessary to be able to have this type of mushroom at home and consume it without difficulty.
Also, if you are a beginner, you can get a basic starter kit which makes it even easier to prepare a small garden. These simple kits are even kid-friendly and make for a very interesting and fun family activity.
Mushroom logs to grow at home
As we have mentioned before, another basis to be able to have this food grown at home is to use the trunks that produce mushrooms or mushrooms. In this case, you will only have to get one of the type of mushroom or fungus that you want to have, since they are already sold prepared, and place it correctly at home. Normally, the logs offer a greater production, so if you are going to consume, give away or sell a certain amount it is worth it, but if it is only for your own consumption and from time to time, then you better opt for another option.
How to grow mushrooms on coffee grounds
Did you know that coffee grounds are very good for gardening and agriculture? That’s right, and we recommend you try growing mushrooms with coffee grounds if you want to set up your mycological garden step by step and do not buy an already assembled kit. In fact, grow mushrooms on coffee grounds It is simpler than it may seem at first.
- Spores of the edible mushrooms you want in your garden.
- Coffee grounds from the remains of your coffee maker.
- Plastic container that you can reuse and, preferably, that is dark. You can serve a carafe of water or similar.
- Another container to make the mixture.
- A large bag that fits the container.
- Corrugated cardboard.
- Ethyl alcohol (70% or more).
- Absorbent cloth or paper.
- Disinfect your hands and tools with ethyl alcohol. It is vital to ensure disinfection because the spores of the fungi that you want to cultivate have competition, such as bacteria, which can proliferate in your garden and prevent the mushrooms from growing.
- Cut the top of the container, make 6 holes near its base so that the water can drain well, and disinfect the container inside.
- Cut the corrugated cardboard into small pieces and moisten them in water.
- Mix the cardboard with the coffee remains in a separate container.
- Start filling the container with different layers of cardboard, coffee and spores of the chosen mushrooms until it is full or you run out of these ingredients.
- Replace the upper part of the container, as a lid but without putting the cap on the carafe or bottle, and place the container in the plastic bag. It is better not to close it, because it is needed to maintain humidity but some air must still circulate.
- After 2 or 4 weeks, depending on the species, you can move your mycological garden and place it in an area with a little more light, more air and humidity, but never in direct sunlight. The reason is that after this time, the mushrooms will already have a certain size and then they begin to grow looking for the light.
- You just have to continue controlling the environmental conditions and wait for the edible mushrooms to grow completely and you can collect them.
If you find this use of coffee interesting, you may also like this other EcologíaVerde article on Ways to use coffee grounds in the garden.
Names and types of mushrooms to grow at home
Some of the types of edible mushrooms that can be grown at home are:
- Enoki mushrooms (Flammulina velutipes)
- Shiitake mushrooms (lentinula edodes)
- reishi mushroom (Ganoderma lucidum)
- Poplar mushrooms (Agrocybe aegerita)
- oyster mushrooms (Pleurotus eryngii)
- oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus)
- yellow oyster mushroom (Pleurotus citrinopileatus)
- pink oyster mushroom (Pleurotus salmoneostramineus)
- lion’s mane mushroomHericium erinaceus)
- Paris or common mushroom (Agaricus bisporus)
Care for growing mushrooms at home: conditions
It is necessary that a series of environmental conditions are fulfilled for the growth of edible mushrooms, so you have to know these basic care to obtain good results. The Necessary conditions for mushrooms to grow at home They are, in general, the following:
- That the trunk, box or alpaca of compacted straw that acts as a mycological garden is in a place in the shadewithout direct sunlight.
- Avoid extreme temperatures and keep the range in the ideal temperature, between 15ºC and 20ºC.
- Must keep humidity high in the environment. It is best to have the mushroom garden in a humid place, but if you have it in a dry area you have to spray water frequently to keep the environment humid. It is recommended, especially at the beginning of the crop, to water twice a day.
However, some species need some more specific care, so you should always be well informed about the conditions they need when you acquire their mushroom seeds or mycelia. For example, you can ask the specialist in the store and follow the instructions on the packaging of the grow kit you buy.
Where to buy kits to grow mushrooms at home
If you want to start growing your own edible mushrooms at home, don’t hesitate to get a kit for it. The best places to buy mushroom growing kits at home they are the specialized ones.
Thus, you will be able to acquire them, as well as get information from professionals about all the details of care according to the species, at physical and online stores that are related to gardening and agriculture, and there are even specialized stores that are only dedicated to mycological gardens.
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