The peach, also called peach tree or prunus persica, is a tree that comes from China, Iran and Afghanistan and was imported to Europe by the Romans. Its fruits are highly valued in much of the world for their sweet flavor and fleshy texture, and many decide to plant their own tree in their garden.
If you want to learn to how to germinate peach seeds and their care basic, necessary for the tree to grow strong and healthy, keep reading us in this EcologíaVerde article.
How to germinate peach seeds
Germinating the seeds of some fruit trees is not always easy. If you are going to try to plant your own peach or peach tree, follow these steps to know how to germinate peach seeds carefully and have some patience, because it is a process that takes time:
- Get the seeds of this fruit. They serve those of most peaches or peaches that you can find, although, without a doubt, you can also buy them.
- To extract the seed of a peach, keep in mind that it will be covered with a bone that must be removed. To do this, leave it between 3 and 5 days at home, at room temperature and clean of organic debris. In this way, it will dry out and the wood will become more brittle.
- Take some pliers or a hammer to carefully break the bone and extract the seed inside without damaging it.
- Once you have the seed or seeds, soak them in a glass of water for a full day. You will notice how in 24 hours these will gain a lot of volume when hydrated.
- Take a napkin or a piece of absorbent paper, moisten it and fold it with the seeds inside.
- Wrap the paper in a piece of aluminum foil and store it in the fridge, in a drawer whose temperature stays around 5ºC.
Once a day or every few days, check the condition of the napkin to moisten it again if it has dried out and to check that no fungus has appeared. In about 30 days approximately, maybe a little more, the peach seeds will have germinated and they will be ready to be transplanted into a pot.
Care of sprouted peach seeds
Once your peach seeds have started to germinate, it is important to take into account the following aspects to prepare the planting germinated peach seeds and their care:
- The substrate: Prepare a pot with a substrate rich in organic matter. A good mix to create an organic compost is to use coconut fiber mixed with worm castings 50/50. Bury the seeds in the substrate, making sure that the root points downwards and no more than a centimeter deep.
- Humidity and irrigation: As soon as you plant your peach seed, water the pot to moisten the substrate. It is necessary that the soil is always kept moist, although not excessively, since fungi could appear.
- Lightning: look for a strategic place in your home that is well lit, but without giving direct light to the pot, otherwise the leaves, as soon as they appear, could burn.
- wind beware: It’s also important to keep your peach buds out of the wind, which could dry them out.
At this point, you may also be interested in starting to learn about How to care for fruit trees.
How to plant peach seeds – pot and soil
15 days after the first transplant, the peach tree should already show around 6 or 8 leaves. At this time, the small fruit tree will be ready for its final transplant, either to a larger pot or outdoors.
- Planting Peach Seeds in a Pot: if you are going to plant it in a pot, it is advisable to use a pot large enough that you will not need to transplant it again for at least two years. In this other EcologíaVerde article we tell you some tricks to grow in pots.
- Plant peach seeds in soil: outdoors, on the other hand, look for an area relatively sheltered from the wind, especially if you live in a cold climate. These trees are not very resistant to cold and frost can greatly harm their development and even kill them.
In both cases, also look for a location with plenty of natural light, avoiding shade.
Peach or peach tree care
Once we have our fruit tree transplanted to a larger place, it is essential to take into account the following aspects of the basic care of the peach or peach tree so that it bears good fruit:
- Sunlight: As we have just said, the peach is a tree that requires large amounts of sunlight, so it should not be planted in the shade. However, in areas or climates where the sun is extraordinarily strong, it is advisable to whitewash the trunk and branches to avoid excessive suffering from solar radiation.
- Irrigation: the peach tree needs a good amount of water, requiring that its soil never dry out excessively. If you can use a drip irrigation system it would be the best, but if not, just check that your soil or substrate always has good drainage and a certain level of humidity, although always avoiding puddles.
- Pass: This tree will also appreciate a good fertilization with compost when the warm months arrive, in addition to an extra supply of nitrogen for young peach trees.
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