Gardening Tips

Germinate grape seeds: how to do it and care

Germinate grape seeds: how to do it and care

Grapes are the fruit of the vine, a whole genus of plants in the Vitaceae family with about 60 accepted species. The most important of them is the Vitis vinifera, originally from Asia and currently spread over a large number of geographical areas, although it is particularly successful in the Mediterranean. It is a fruit of great importance to man, and there is evidence that human beings have been cultivating vines and producing wine with them since the Neolithic.

if you want to learn how to germinate grape seeds and care for them at homejoin us in this EcologíaVerde article.

How to germinate grape seeds step by step

to learn to germinate grape seedsfollow these steps carefully:

  1. Choose the grape variety what you want to grow Consider whether you want to grow your vine to make jam, make wine, or just prepare a shady area, as well as the weather conditions in the area you live in.
  2. Once you have chosen the variety, get the seeds. The safest thing tends to be to buy them from a nursery, but also extract them from grapes that can be purchased.
  3. Put the seeds in water before doing anything else. If any float, get rid of it, as it will not germinate. Check that the others are firm to the touch when you press them with your fingers a little.
  4. Get some distilled water and soak the seeds in it for up to 24 hours. It is important that before this, you have thoroughly washed them to remove any remaining organic matter from them.
  5. For stratify the seeds, prepare an airtight bag with damp kitchen paper or, if possible, peat moss. Put the seeds in the prepared bed, and store the closed bag in the refrigerator, between 1 and 3 ºC. The best time to do this is in winter so that after 2 months of stratification is a good time to plant them. Throughout this time, renew the humidity of the bed when it gets too dry, and open the bag from time to time so that they breathe and you can check that the seeds are not attacked by fungi.
  6. After this time, you can dig out the seeds in early spring and plant them in pots small prepared with suitable substrate rich in nutrients. Try to place the pots at a point where the temperature remains constant around 20ºC, and water them when you notice that the upper layer of the substrate dries, spraying water gently. In between 2 and 8 weeks your seeds should germinate.
Germinate grape seeds: how to do it and care - How to germinate grape seeds step by step

How to plant grapes plant

When you vine seedling have about a few 8cm tall, it’s ready to be transplanted into a larger pot, but you should still keep it indoors. Only when it reaches 30 cm in height and has at least 5 leaves you should remove it to its final location.

when you go to place the vine in its final location, make sure that the soil has good drainage and a suitable pH, which varies according to the type of grape. Two weeks after planting, mulch the soil around the plants.

Care of the plant of the grapes, vine or vine

These are the care of the plant of the grapes or vine. So if you want to know the care of a vine to obtain grapes, take note of these tips:

light for the vine

The vine needs between 7 and 8 hours of sunlight a day, with direct incidence. Unless you live in an area with exceptionally strong sun, plant it where the incidence of light is greatest.

Vine irrigation and drainage

It is vital that the soil has good drainage, since this plant does not take excess moisture well. If you water it too much or it becomes waterlogged due to excessive rainfall and poor drainage, it is very likely that you will have problems maintaining the health of your vine.


After the first subscriber, this must be repeated once a year, in spring. We recommend ecological fertilizers such as earthworm humus. In this other EcologíaVerde article we show you everything about what is organic fertilizer, types, benefits and how to do it.

Base for climbing and pruning of the vine

Most vines are climbing plants and therefore require a pergola, trellis or other support to attach to. Prepare supports in the first years of the plant and guide it later through the parts in which you prefer it to grow. Similarly, apply a proper formation pruning. In this other post we explain when and how to prune a vine.

When to harvest grapes

You probably won’t have your first harvest of grapes until 3 years after planting the vine. From the third year, you can already leave some flowers on your vine to see how they behave producing grapes. In the northern hemisphere, the harvest tends to be in late summer, while in the southern hemisphere, it occurs around March.

Germinate grape seeds: how to do it and care - When to harvest grapes

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