When spring arrives, there are many plants that become very popular in our gardens and homes due to the showiness of their flowers. One of the most popular in this sense is the anemone coronaria, better known as anemone or ground anemonewhich in addition to having beautiful flowers is not very demanding and does not take up much space, as well as being easy to multiply.
If you want to learn how to take care of the coronary anemone to enjoy its striking flowers in your home, join us in this EcologíaVerde article where you can consult our coronary anemone care guide.
Characteristics of the coronary anemone
These are the main characteristics of the coronary anemone:
- The Anemones are a whole genus of plants with around 120 species, originating in the Mediterranean basin. These are plants highly valued ornamentally for their flowers, of a great variety of colors and with a flowering that goes from the beginning of spring to the end of summer. Here you can meet 22 spring flowers, among which is this one.
- These plants are mainly divided into three large groups, the bulbous ones, which bloom in spring, the perennial ones, which bloom towards autumn, and those for florists. The coronary anemone is part of this last group, which is what we will focus on this time.
- The anemone coronaria flower It is purple or lilac in color, very similar in shape to that of the poppy and up to almost 10 cm in diameter. They are solitary flowers, growing on plants that rarely exceed 40 cm in height.
- Anemone bulbs are, in this case, a simple irregular rhizome, which tends to be planted in autumn or early spring depending on the climate of the area, the autumn option being preferable, as is often the case with plants of this type.
- There are numerous cultivars of the species obtained for ornamental purposes, some of the best known being Santa Brígida and De Caén.
Climate and location for the Coronary Anemone
This plant is native to the Mediterranean area, so it is adapted to a warm weather of mild winters. It resists mild or punctual frosts, although prolonged or intense frosts in cold climates can kill the plant.
Regarding the sun, in mild and temperate climates we can plant it in full sun, but in general this plant will develop much better in shaded or semi-shaded environments, with a certain environmental humidity. For this reason, it is common to find it next to ponds or water passage areason its shores.
Coronary Anemone Irrigation
Depending on the climate, the anemone will need watering 2 or 3 times a week in the warm months. Watering should be frequent but not too abundant, so that they provide some moisture to the soil or substrate, always without flooding. The hotter and drier the weather, the more frequent they should be. In the cold months, it is usual to stop watering the rhizomes once the aerial part of the plant has dried, and can even remove them from the ground to preserve them and bury them again when the time comes in mid-autumn.
We recommend you take a look at this other post about When to water the plants.
land for the anemone
If you plant your anemone outdoors, you will need fertile soil with good drainage. You can use common garden soil previously well stirred and aerated so that it is loose, to which you will add a part of mulch and another of sand, in addition to earthworm humus if it is a soil not very rich in nutrients. Stir the mix thoroughly to even it out and your anemones will have no trouble in it.
In a pot, a good substrate mix is made with a third of black peat, a third of coconut fiber and a third of earthworm humus, to which we will add a handful of perlite and vermiculite. This substrate is universal for all kinds of plants and provides a soil that is very rich in nutrients, with great drainage, very light and with a large number of beneficial microorganisms thanks to the earthworm humus, an excellent organic fertilizer.
This plant, like many flowering plants, will appreciate a supply of fertilizer every 15 days or once a month in the warm months. You can use specific liquid fertilizer and incorporate it into the irrigation, or use compost or earthworm humus to add to the soil to provide that extra nutrient in an ecological way.
In these other guides you can learn How to make earthworm humus and How to make homemade compsot.
The multiplication of this plant is really simple, since we can limit ourselves to carefully separating the suckers which usually appear in the rhizome. These can be planted immediately in any other container or area as if it were any other specimen of the plant, paying special attention during the first days to provide enough water and protect them from intense direct sunlight.
It is also possible to multiply it by seeds in the normal way, although multiplication by rhizomes will always be faster and easier, in addition to ensuring an individual exactly the same as the mother plant.
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