Do you want to go a step further and improve your garden with these recognizable and spectacular flowers? Just follow this little guide from EcologíaVerde, where we teach you step by step and in a very simple way everything you need to know about Climbing rose bushes, their care and pruning.
If you follow the steps and indications of this practical guide, we assure you that it will not cost you much effort to keep your climbing roses in a pot, or planted in the ground, in perfect condition and you will be able to enjoy their beautiful flowers. Read on and discover their characteristics, varieties, basic care and when is the best time to prune them and how to do it.
Climbing roses: varieties and characteristics
belonging to rosacea genus, the climbing roses come, for the most part, from Asia. With thorny, strong and woody stems, they usually reach a height of approximately 5 metersalthough some varieties can reach nearly 20 meters in height.
In addition, thanks to their type of growth, based on the creation of strong suckers, these plants are perfect for decorate and upholster with ease elevated areas such as pergolas, trellises, facades and all kinds of height surfaces. In addition, another reason why they are so sought after for exterior decoration is that most climbing roses are fragrantlike all well-cared for roses.
In addition to their more than recognizable perfume, climbing roses offer a great variety of colors ranging from the white bank to red, passing through yellow and pink among many other shades. And although its flowering season generally occurs at the beginning of summer, there are species that maintain it until well into autumn.
We can classify climbing roses into three large blocks:
- Re-blooming climbing roses with large flowers: They are those rose bushes that have larger flowers.
- Reflowering climbing roses with small flowers: They are those rose bushes that usually show their flowers in the form of a bouquet.
- Non-reflowering climbing roses: are those rose bushes that have a single abundant flowering during the year. They are the strongest and most abundant flowering.
Types of climbing roses
Here is a small list of some of the best known and most sought-after varieties of climbing roses to decorate exteriors:
- Rosebush New Dawn
- elf rosebush
- Rosebush Lady Sylvia
- Eastern Climbing Rose
- aloha rosebush
- Rosebush Pink Cloud
- Rose Madame Alfred Carriere
If you really like rose bushes and want to make your flowers really beautiful, we advise you to choose the best variety according to the care you can offer it and what you are looking for, as well as to read this simple guide with 7 secrets for growing roses perfect.
Now that you have seen the types of re-blooming climbing roses and some of their varieties, let’s see how to care for them.
Climbing rose care
Now that you know better the characteristics and varieties of this type of rose bushes, we will show you the basic care for climbing roses so that they are healthy and flourish well.
Light, temperature and location
Climbing roses need a controlled sunlight, so your maximum exposure throughout the day should not exceed four hours. It is advisable to plant it in an open area and not compete with other plants for sunlight.
It is also important to know that, depending on the species, they will prefer places with more shade and where the sun only affects the upper part of the plant. Of course, in order for it to grow well, you will need to place it in a climbing area (attached to a wall, fence, pergola, etc.).
Thus, to make sure that you locate it correctly, talk to the professional at the store where you bought the climbing rose to tell you the specific care of the variety, starting with its need for direct sunlight and its location.
Irrigation and fertilization
These plants need certain degree of humidity, hence their care may seem demanding. Avoid that the very large parterre or pot where your rosebush is planted is waterlogged or dry due to lack of irrigation. During the summer, the dose of irrigation must be abundant and must be carried out at least four times a week.
Like many other species, climbing roses need a abundant fertilization at the end of winter or beginning of spring, in this way a more complete flowering is achieved. In the case of re-blooming climbing roses, they should also be fertilized at the beginning of summer.
We recommend using natural fertilizers and, if you buy it, look for a specific one for this type of plants.
How to guide a climbing rose
Now that you know more about the climbing rose bush in a pot and its care, whether it is also in the garden, we are going to see how to guide a climbing rose bush so that it can grow and flourish well.
- Build and fix a support for your climbing roses: remember that the rose bushes, as they do not have tendrils to hold on to, must be guided so that they adapt to the desired surface. It is highly recommended that you use a robust support to prevent it from suffering damage due to its own weight, especially when it increases during its peak flowering period.
- Choose the type of rosebush and plant it: Once you have chosen the variety of climbing rose you are going to work with, make sure to plant it a little away from the structure, but never more than 30 cm. You should also take into account the climate of your area when planting it; If it is warm, the rosebush should be covered at least 5 cm above the root and in the case of a colder climate it should be planted approximately 12 cm.
- Water and fertilize your climbing rose: The first watering should always be abundant to help the growth of the plant, as well as the use of fertilizer, but do not forget that it is not recommended that the stem is surrounded by a lot of organic material. In this way you will avoid possible diseases.
- Tie and adjust the stem: to finish you must channel the growth of your rosebush, as long as the stems are long enough to guide the stems of the rose. I recommend that you use some string or tape strong enough to keep it intact during the growth of the rosebush. Of course, do not press this against the plant, leave it space so that it can grow freely, but without leaving the guide that you have marked.
Once we have seen the care of the climbing rose bush and the types of climbing rose bushes that exist, we are going to finish this article with the pruning that you must carry out.
Pruning climbing roses: when and how to do it
The first pruning should be done once the rosebush has reached adulthood, which is usually approximately 3 years, when you have already covered part of the support. Here the climbing rose will already have a vigorous main stem from which other lateral ones sprout to favor its flowering. The best time to prune climbing roses is always late winter or early springjust when its flowering season ends.
How to prune a climbing rose step by step
- Sharpen and disinfect your pruning tools.
- Remove bad shoots.
- Always cut shoots above a yolk and diagonally to prevent the water provided during irrigation from remaining in the wound: this way you will avoid diseases or damage to your climbing rose bush.
- For the oldest buds we recommend that you you can always from the base: without doing it at ground level, as it would be excessive. For newer and lateral shoots, prune them back about a third from the tip to encourage branching.
- Water and fertilize your rosebush: to do this, use granular fertilizer for roses and organic compost.
Don’t forget that the pruning climbing roses it is always a cleaning pruning, so we should never prune them excessively. Always keep it free of diseased or old branches and stimulate its growth by pruning and guiding the new branches. If there is an excess of hickeys, remove them.
During pruning, as long as it is not done to eliminate diseased branches, you can take the opportunity to obtain cuttings.
In these other EcologíaVerde articles on Planting rose cuttings: preparation and how to do it and How to prune rose bushes you will be able to consult everything you need about rose bushes, not just climbers.
If you want to read more articles similar to Climbing rose bushes: care and pruningwe recommend that you enter our category .
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