The clay floor is the one in which clay predominates on other particles of other sizes. Clay is a set of very small mineral particles, less than 0.001 mm. in diameter, as opposed to other larger particles such as silt and sand, in order of size, from smallest to largest.
A clayey soil will also have some silt and sand, but clay will predominate, in different proportions depending on the soil in question. No two floors are the same.
How to find out the type of soil we have according to its texture?
The most reliable and scientific method is to take the soil to an agricultural laboratory for analysis. But if we want to use a simpler and free method, we can try model a cylinder with the earth: take a little earth, moisten it and knead it with your hands. A cylinder of about 3 millimeters in diameter is modeled, which we will turn into a circle by joining the two ends. If we were modeling pure clay, no crack would appear; therefore, if no cracks appear, we will continue modelling, in this case a cylinder with a diameter of 1 millimeter. If it does not crack when closed, we can be sure that the soil is clayey.
Clay soils drain water poorly, due to the smallness of their particles. That’s why they get stuck. To fix the problem, an expert can install drainage pipes. It also can add sand and organic matter to the soil; this way we will improve your fertility.
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