Chrysanthemums (Chrysanthemum sp.) are very colorful flowering perennials. Due to its simple care and its beautiful flowering, this is one of the most popular plants in homes, both indoors and outdoors. When growing them, although they do not require very special care, we must take into account a series of tips to facilitate their development and flowering.
For this reason, at EcologíaVerde we analyze all the care and cultivation of chrysanthemums for its optimal development and we tell you about them in this simple practical guide. Read on and get to know this ornamental plant well. You will see that it will bring more joy to your home!
How is the chrysanthemum plant
The chrysanthemum plant has its origin in Korea, although today it is frequently cultivated in Japan, where it is also known as Autumn flower and is a symbol of pleasure and happiness. Chrysanthemums are one of the most cultivated and popular plants in any of its varieties. Among the most cultivated species outdoors, stands out Chrysanthemum x rubellum with its serrated leaves and flowers in the form of pink, white or yellow daisies, or Dendrathema x grandiflorum, with alternate leaves and double yellow, pink, red, orange or purple flowers. A type of chrysanthemums dedicated only for commercial purposes are the so-called spray chrysanthemums, although with less resistant varieties than the previous ones.
There is a wide variety of chrysanthemums, with up to 30 known species. Most stand out for their colorful red, pink, orange, white or yellow flowers. Another characteristic for which these plants stand out is their late flowering, reaching until November, when most of the flowers begin to disappear.
Cultivation of chrysanthemums: planting, location and transplant
Chrysanthemums are not season specific or difficult to grow, however it is best to plant chrysanthemums in spring, since these develop better in a warm climate with little rainfall and, although they do not flower until the end of summer or the beginning of autumn, they will be better rooted and will resist the harsh conditions of autumn and winter much better. When planting them in the ground, we will do it at a minimum distance of 50 cm. In addition, they develop in almost any type of soil.
If we acquire pot chrysanthemums in autumn, that is, bought in a nursery or in a garden store and that have their own pot and are not taken from another larger plant, we can grow them directly in the ground, in a planter or pot, preferably with terrazzo, although their resistance will be lower than if they are planted in the soil of a garden or plot of land. To plant them, we must choose a Sunny place. Perennial chrysanthemums can plant from March to May in nurseries, while annuals from February to March.
The chrysanthemum plant spreads through seeds, roots or cuttings. About one month after planting in a pot they should be transplanted, although sometimes the seeds can be planted directly in the ground and thin after germination. After a minimum of three months of planting, chrysanthemums flower for a long period.
Basic care of chrysanthemums: irrigation, fertilizer, flowering and common pests
Chrysanthemums are plants that, in general, do not require much care after the transplant, except water them frequently if it does not rain and remove the withered flowers, without general pruning being necessary, to promote the appearance of new flowers. A curious fact about this plant and that is one of the reasons why it is very popular is that it is one of the plants with flowers that take time to wither, so we enjoy them for quite some time.
In some cases, it may even be necessary to stake the plants. About him watering chrysanthemums, it should be noted that the plants must be watered when the soil is dry, especially those grown in pots. Avoid flooding your soil and foliage to prevent the development of rust or mold disease.
After a few weeks, the chrysanthemum seedlings they must be pinched to become bushy. In addition, before flowering they must begin to be fertilized with fertilizers and natural fertilizers, if possible, until after the first flower buds have formed. To prolong the blooming chrysanthemums which can last until November as we have mentioned before, the flowers that are withering must be pruned regularly.
Disease control should also be carried out. insects or pests and learn to avoid and control them. Chrysanthemums are frequently attacked by aphids, leaf spot or leaf nematode. To learn how to control them, we recommend that you read this other EcologíaVerde article in which we explain how to combat pests in organic farming.
What is the meaning of chrysanthemum
The meaning of chrysanthemums is that of golden flower and it is one of the most valued autumn flowers. According to feng shui philosophy They are ideal flowers for attract joy and laughter to the home and its meaning was that of protection, joy and eternity.
This plant also acquires, according to Asian culture, different meanings depending on the color of its flowers. Thus, the pink color symbolizes the fragility of a relationship, the white ones indicate a deep pain after a love breakup, the yellow ones symbolize the rejection in a relationship or in love and the red ones are the preferred ones to declare love to another person.
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