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Aglaonema: care

Aglaonema: care

The aglaonema is a beautiful plant with a deceptive appearance, because although its appearance suggests a tropical plant, and this is actually its origin, it can be cultivated and is usually cultivated as a resistant houseplant. If you want to learn what you need to know so that this plant is in the best conditions and looks as beautiful as possible, join us in this EcologíaVerde article on the aglaonema plant care.

Characteristics of the aglaonema plant

The aglaonema, scientific name Aglaonema crispum, is a plant that has its origin in the tropical forests of South Asia. There, where it grows under the tree canopy, enjoy hot or temperate climates throughout the year, but hardly receives direct sunlight, which is why it is common to grow it as houseplant. These are other of its characteristics:

  • It is a species that can grow up to a meter in height, although its growth is markedly slow and it usually stays around half that height.
  • Its leaves are evergreen and bright green., although there are varieties in red tones, such as the fire aglaonema. Here you can discover more Plants with colored leaves.
  • Its flowers are yellow or white.They appear during the summer and extend until the fall.
  • As a species it is very long-lived and easy to care for.
  • Another of its great advantages is that it is a plant with the capacity to purify the air. It absorbs benzene and formaldehyde, both polluting substances. Here you can learn more Plants that purify the air.
  • The sap of this plant is irritating contact, so you should wear gloves to treat it and be very careful around small children and pets.
Aglaonema: care - Characteristics of the aglaonema plant

Aglaonema location

Although it is a plant of tropical origin, the aglaonema not only does not need direct incidence of sunlightbut it doesn’t support it. Because of this, it is very easy to grow as a houseplantis that it can develop without problems even without natural light at all, only with artificial lighting.

Thus, the most common is to grow it in a pot and indoors, usually in a lighted room, but away from windows. If at any time you see its leaves dry or with burned areas, it is most likely that your aglaonema receives too much direct light and you need to move it to another more sheltered area.

You will also have to protect it from wind currents, that the plant does not carry anything well. This is one of the few demands of him, as well as that does not tolerate cold. The ideal temperature for aglaonema is between 16ºC and 25ºCalthough it can occasionally tolerate temperatures of up to 10 ºC, but you should never expose it even for a moment unless this is the case.

Aglaonema irrigation

The aglaonema is a plant that needs a certain level of humidity in the substrate. This means that watering should be frequent, but not necessarily abundant: if you overdo it and waterlog your aglaonema, you will most likely get its roots to rot. With irrigation, as we always say, it is better to fall short than to go oversince the effects of the former are much easier to fix than those of the latter. Water only when you notice that the top layer of the substrate has driedwhich you can check with a finger, pencil or toothpick: if the soil doesn’t stick when you nail it, it’s time to water.

Finally, you can provide your plant with moisture without the risk of flooding it if you place the pot on a plate with large stones or pebbles and water not cover them. By keeping the base of the pot above the water level, it will be safe from waterlogging, but as the water naturally evaporates, the ambient humidity will rise up to the plant. Doing this will also avoid problems with pests that appear when the ambient humidity is too low, such as red spiders or aphids.

Substrate for aglaonema

The most important thing with the substrate of this plant is that it offers a drainage as best as possible. You can use enriched universal substratebut we recommend our universal seedling mix: mix earthworm humus, coconut fiber and peat in equal parts and add a good handful of vermiculite and another of perlite.

This results in a light, airy substrate that is very rich in nutrients and beneficial microorganisms, with excellent water retention properties.

Aglaonema: care - Substrate for aglaonema

Subscriber for aglaonema

Aglaonema is not demanding when it comes to fertilization, but it will appreciate an extra supply of energy during its activity season, especially when it comes to flowering. Add one or two centimeters of earthworm humus at the base of the plant once a month or every fortnight in spring and do not do it during the rest of the year, since the excess of nutrients will not favor the plant in times of less development.

Now that you know how to care for aglaonema and you know that it needs little light and can do very well growing indoors, you may also want to know about other indoor plants that need little light.

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