The afelandra It is a plant that belongs to the Acanthaceae family, which in turn belongs to the Aphelandra genus. It has more than 200 species, almost all of them originating in Brazil but with the right conditions they can be grown anywhere in the world. The main ones are Aphelandra acutifolia, Aphelandra squarrosa, Aphelandra sinclairiana or Aphelandra tetragona, among others.
It is also known as “Indigo” and it is a very attractive indoor plant thanks to the bright green of its leaves, which contrasts spectacularly with the creamy white of the nerves. It has terminal spikes, which is where the flowers emerge, which are usually yellow, orange or pink. It blooms in spring and summer if the care it receives is adequate. In this EcologíaVerde article, we explain what are the care of the afelandra.
Main care of the afelandra
- Location: It must be in a room that is bright and warm, in a pot that is large. If it gets too much sun, the leaves will drop, so avoid direct sunlight.
- Temperature: Ideally, it should be all year round at temperatures between 15 and 25ºC, with high humidity.
- I usually: the most indicated is the one that is made of one part of leaf mulch, another of sand and two of peat.
- Transplant: if you do it, it should only be done in spring since that is when it will suffer the least.
- Irrigation: It has to be frequent so that the soil is always moist and does not dry out, but avoiding it from getting waterlogged.
- Pruning: It doesn’t need it, but it will do you good if you cut the flower spike when it wilts so that new shoots can come out.
- Pass: apply a mineral fertilizer every two weeks during the summer.
- Plagues and diseases: if it lives in a very dry environment, it will be prone to attack by mealybugs and aphids.
- Multiplication: It is made from stem cuttings that sprouted during the spring.
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