Gardening Tips

15 bulb plants

15 bulb plants

There are many types of plants and each one of them has managed to evolve to adapt as best as possible to the environment in which it is found. One of the clearest examples of adaptation can be found in plants with bulbs, which are characterized by having an organ that is larger than the rest of the plant’s organs, which remains buried all the time and constitutes a constant food source. for the plant, which makes it more likely to survive in environments where conditions are unfavorable. If you want to know more characteristics about this type of plants, as well as know the names of 15 bulb plants that you can grow at home or in the garden, keep reading Green Ecology and we will tell you about it. For example, the cover image plant is a lily or trumpet, which plant has a long stem with leaves and flowers in this shape, but at its base it has bulbs.

Bulbous plants: characteristics

The bulbous plants They are plants like any other. However, instead of developing roots below the stem, they develop the so-called bulb, from which some roots will sprout later. The bulb is an organ of this type of plant that is characterized by having the classic onion shape (in fact, the onion is the bulb of this plant). Most of the bulbs will adopt this form of onion, either in larger or smaller size, developed in layers or in segments, as well as in some shades or others. However, you can also find plants that develop organs similar to bulbs, such as tubers or rhizomes. This type of plants are usually also cataloged as “bulbous plants“, although in fact their subterranean organs present enough differences so that they are not called bulbs in themselves.

There are many elements that make plants with bulbs have advantages over other plants that lack this type of underground organs. Firstly, this allows them to adapt their growth cycle to the seasons and weather conditions. As the bulb constitutes a reserve of water and food, the plants with bulbs can enter a phase of lethargy during the winter and, when spring arrives, regrow again during the time in which the weather is favourable.

In addition, the fact that most of the plant can survive without the aerial part for long periods, makes them plants that usually survive fires easily. The fire burns the outer part of the plants, but not the underground ones. Plants that have conventional roots tend to die after fires, but bulbous plants usually recover quite easily, which also partially explains its evolutionary success. Also, most of these bulbs can be planted in water as well as in soil.

15 bulb plants - Bulb plants: characteristics

Reproduction of bulb plants or bulbous plants

The reproduction of bulbous plants can be done in different ways. On the one hand, we find sexual reproduction that is carried out from the pollination of flowers that will give rise to new specimens of plants with bulbs from seeds.

On the other hand, plants with bulbs can also reproduce through the so-called suckers or bulbils. These suckers are nothing more than small bulbs that grow near the main bulb of the plant and that, if they become separated from the original plant, will develop as independent plants. In this case, since it is not a question of sexual reproduction, there is no combination of DNA from several plants, so the plants that develop from suckers will be genetically identical to the original plant.

There are many bulbous plants that can be grown very easily. In fact, some of them are very common plants that are part of both our daily diet and the most traditional ornamental decoration with flowers. Some of them are the following.

Garlic, one of the most famous bulb plants

Its scientific name is allium sativum, it is one of the most cultivated bulbous plants in the world, as it is widely used in most gastronomic traditions. There is documentation that testifies that its culinary use dates back more than 7,000 years.

One of the curiosities of this bulbous plant is that it is no longer known in the wild, but only develops well when it is planted and cultivated by the hand of the human being. However, there are other types of garlic less used for consumption that are wild garlic.

15 bulb plants - Garlic, one of the most famous bulb plants


The scientific name of the onions it is allium cepa. There is a wide variety of onions around the world, but all of them have a bulb that constitutes the main part of the plant. Like garlic, it is grown for food or culinary and medicinal purposes, since in addition to many nutrients it also provides great flavor to dishes.

15 bulb plants - Onions

Tulips, bulb plants and colorful flowers

whose scientific name is tulip, It is one of the most used ornamental bulb plants in the world. Its name comes from the characteristic shape of its flower, whose petals form an almost perfect cylindrical space.

They know each other more than 150 different species of tulips, fruit, in part, of the genetic improvement works that have been carried out in this type of plants since the 16th century. In this other EcologíaVerde article we tell you how to care for potted tulips. In addition, we leave you here an explanatory video on the care of these well-known plants.

fire lily

The scientific name of fire lily it is Cyrtanthus contractus, it is a lily that is characterized by its reddish color and its ability to survive fires (since the bulb regenerates with particular ease after the flames destroy the soil surface), which is why it is called thus. In fact, the entire family of Cyrtanthus (lilies) are specimens that develop from a bulb, so they are a good example of this type of plant.

15 bulb plants - Fire Lily

Dog tooth

Another of the bulbous or bulbous plants is he Dog toothwhose scientific name is erythronium. It has approximately 30 species, most of them original from North America. Although it is mainly used as an ornamental plant, its bulb is also an edible part of the plant.

15 bulb plants - Dog's Tooth

Other easy-to-grow bulbous plants

Others bulbous plant names that are well known are the following, although some of them have corm (subterranean thickened stem with a swollen base and vertical growth):

  • crocuses (crocuses)
  • lilies (Lilies)
  • freesias (freesias)
  • gladioli or gladioli (Gladioli)
  • Iris (Iris)
  • daffodils (Narcissus)
  • garden anemone (Anemones)
  • dahlias (Dahlias)
  • Hyacinths (Hyacinthus)
  • Nazarenes (Muscari)

Learn more about these plants with this video below.

15 bulb plants - Other easy-to-grow bulbous plants

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