Lavender is one of the best known aromatic plants. For this reason, in this EcologíaVerde article we want to introduce you to the various types of lavender so that you learn to differentiate them and choose the one you like best, either because of its shape and size, because of its more or less intense color or because of its more or less notable aroma. In addition, lavender plant care is simple and that makes them suitable plants for beginners.
Dare to learn more about them by reading this article that brings you closer to 12 types of lavendertheir names, characteristics and photos.
Lavender officinalis or common lavender
Belonging to the labiatae family, this aromatic plant It has woody stems and opposite leaves. Its flowering occurs at the beginning of summer, endowing the plant with inflorescences of purple, attributed to this species. In addition to its pleasant perfume, the lavender officinalis plants they are cultivated for their ornamental value and their medicinal properties.
If you like plants with an intense, pleasant aroma and great medicinal properties, we recommend this other EcologíaVerde post on the different types of aromatic and medicinal plants.
Lavandula angustifolia or lavender
East kind of lavender It is endemic to Europe, specifically Italy and France. Its leaves have a green-grey coloration and can measure up to six centimeters long. Shrub type, lavandula angustifolia reaches a height of about a meter and a half. Its flowers are presented in long-stemmed inflorescences that can measure up to 9 centimeters. It is usually used both as a food condiment, especially to prepare infusions.
Native to the western Mediterranean, Lavandula dentata takes its name from the serrated leaves on its woody stems. This plant prefers limestone soils and can reach almost a meter and a half in height. Also noteworthy are the coloration of its grayish-green leaves and its mauve-colored spike flower endings. It is used above all as an ornamental plant, but also to make perfumes or even to relieve stomach pain.
Of Spanish origin, unlike other types of lavenderThis gives off a somewhat unpleasant aroma. Therefore, it is easy to recognize by its aroma, which is totally contrary to that of most species of this type of aromatic plant. Its leaves measure up to ten centimeters in length and its flowers are grouped in spikes. These, of purplish colorare used both for their medicinal values and for their ornate beauty.
The lavender stoechas noted for its flowers. These are arranged in compacted inflorescences in spike shape quadrangular and end in three bracts of purplish or reddish color. Its leaves are grayish green. Coming from the Mediterranean basin and Macaronesia, it can reach more than a meter in height.
This type of lavender, with leaves covered by a small woolly bed, is typical of mountain climates. Its flower spikes can measure up to 20 centimeters long and are lilac. The lavandula lanata It is of Spanish origin and is very characteristic of the Serranía de Ronda, in Málaga, although it can also be found in its natural state in other provinces of Andalusia.
Also known as green lavender or green lavender It is typical of the Sierra de Aracena, in Huelva. Its lanceolate leaves usually measure up to 10 centimeters. Its inflorescences, unlike the vast majority of lavenders, are almost greenish cream, hence its name. It is used for its medicinal values and as an ornamental plant.
This hybrid formed between lavandula latifolia and lavandula dentata is also known as Allard’s Lavender, It is a striking shrub used in landscaping for its ornamental value. One of its most striking features is its bushy shape with a rounded crown and its lilac or pale blue flowers.
The lavandula canariensis It is an endemic species of the Canary archipelago. This shrub can measure up to a meter and a half in height and has opposite green leaves and glabrous stems.
One of its most distinctive features is that the flowers are quite different from those of other types of lavender, and as can be seen in the image, their shape is different, although they maintain a purple.
This type of lavender is the product of a hybridization between Lavandula angustifolia and Lavandula latifolia. It stands out for being a lavender with great flowering, which is why it is highly valued by gardening lovers. Colloquially known as lavandin It is cultivated for its medicinal properties and for its essential oil, widely used in parapharmacy.
This type of lavender usually grows near the coast, although this does not prevent it from being grown far from the sea. Of African origin, it has highly divided leaves covered by a thin layer of whitish hair. The Lavandula multifida flowers they appear grouped in inflorescences of codor between purple and indigo.
If you like to have your own lavender at home, learn here how and when to prune lavender so that you can fully enjoy it, either as an air freshener at home or to drink as an infusion.
This type of lavender also has, as in the case of Lavandula multifida, leaves in divisions. Originally from the Canary Islands and Madeira, it has inflorescences that are grouped three by three. The lavandula pinnata It is mainly used as an ornamental plant.
If you like the different types of lavender and you want to have one at home, we tell you about the Care of the potted lavender plant.
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